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FTP服务器上传下载

2019-05-06 79热度

windows下FTP服务器可以使用3CDaemon,下载后点击FTP服务器设置进行相关设置:

QQ_20190507174117

使用jar包坐标如下:

 <dependency> <groupId>commons-net</groupId> <artifactId>commons-net</artifactId> <version>3.6</version> </dependency>

使用java连接服务器并进行操作,登录FTP后默认在FTP根目录下,如果操作文件需要切换到待操作目录。

import java.io.File; import java.io.FileInputStream; import java.io.FileOutputStream; import java.io.IOException; import java.io.InputStream; import java.io.OutputStream; import com.btzh.exception.BusinessException; import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTP; import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPClient; import org.apache.commons.net.ftp.FTPFile; import org.springframework.util.StringUtils; /** * FTP工具类 * * @author faith */ public class FtpUtil { public final static String HOSTNAME = "127.0.0.1"; public final static Integer PORT = 21; public final static String USERNAME = "admin"; public final static String PASSWORD = "666666"; public static FTPClient FTP_CLIENT; public static void main(String[] args) { FtpUtil.uploadFileByPath("/upload/img/", "test.jpg", "D:\\timg.jpg"); FtpUtil.downloadFile("/upload/img/", "test.jpg", "D:\\ftp"); FtpUtil.deleteFile("upload/img", "test.jpg"); } /** * 上传文件by文件名 * @param pathName * @param fileName * @param originFileName */ public static void uploadFileByPath(String pathName, String fileName, String originFileName) { InputStream inputStream = null; FTP_CLIENT = getFtpClient(); try { FTP_CLIENT.setFileType(FTP.BINARY_FILE_TYPE); createIfNotExsit(pathName); FTP_CLIENT.storeFile(fileName, inputStream = new FileInputStream(new File(originFileName))); } catch (Exception e) { throw new RuntimeException("上传文件失败: " + e); } finally { closeIOResource(FTP_CLIENT, inputStream, null); } } /** * 上传文件by流 * @param pathname * @param fileName * @param inputStream */ public static void uploadFileByStream(String pathname, String fileName, InputStream inputStream) { FTP_CLIENT = getFtpClient(); try { FTP_CLIENT.setFileType(FTP.BINARY_FILE_TYPE); createIfNotExsit(pathname); FTP_CLIENT.storeFile(fileName, inputStream); } catch (Exception e) { throw new RuntimeException("上传文件失败"); } finally { closeIOResource(FTP_CLIENT, inputStream, null); } } /** * 下载文件 * @param pathname * @param filename * @param localPath * @return */ public static void downloadFile(String pathname, String filename, String localPath) { OutputStream outputStream = null; FTP_CLIENT = getFtpClient(); try { FTP_CLIENT.changeWorkingDirectory(pathname); FTPFile[] ftpFiles = FTP_CLIENT.listFiles(); for (FTPFile ftpFile : ftpFiles) { if (ftpFile.getName().equalsIgnoreCase(filename)) { FTP_CLIENT.retrieveFile(ftpFile.getName(), outputStream = new FileOutputStream(new File(localPath + "/" + ftpFile.getName()))); return; } } throw new BusinessException("未找到文件:" + pathname + "/" + filename); } catch (Exception e) { throw new RuntimeException(e); } finally { closeIOResource(FTP_CLIENT, null, outputStream); } } /** * 删除文件 * @param pathName * @param fileName */ public static void deleteFile(String pathName, String fileName) { FTP_CLIENT = getFtpClient(); try { FTP_CLIENT.changeWorkingDirectory(pathName); FTP_CLIENT.dele(fileName); } catch (Exception e) { throw new RuntimeException(e); } finally { closeIOResource(FTP_CLIENT, null, null); } } /** * 改变工作目录 * @param directory * @return */ public static boolean changeWorkingDirectory(String directory) { try { return FTP_CLIENT.changeWorkingDirectory(directory); } catch (IOException e) { throw new RuntimeException(e); } } /** * 创建目录 * @param directory */ public static void createIfNotExsit(String directory) { if (directory.equalsIgnoreCase("/")) { return; } while (directory.startsWith("/") || directory.endsWith("/")) { directory = directory.substring(directory.startsWith("/") ? 1 : 0, directory.endsWith("/") ? directory.length() - 1 : directory.length()); if (directory.equalsIgnoreCase("/")) { return; } } String[] filePaths = StringUtils.delimitedListToStringArray(directory, "/"); for (String filePath : filePaths) { if (!existFilePath(filePath)) { makeDirectory(filePath); } changeWorkingDirectory(filePath); } } /** * 判断文件是否存在 * @param filePath * @return */ public static boolean existFilePath(String filePath) { try { return FTP_CLIENT.listFiles(filePath).length > 0; } catch (IOException e) { throw new RuntimeException(e); } } /** * 创建文件目录 * @param directory * @return */ public static boolean makeDirectory(String directory) { try { return FTP_CLIENT.makeDirectory(directory); } catch (IOException e) { throw new RuntimeException(e); } } /** * 连接FTP服务器 */ public static FTPClient getFtpClient() { FTP_CLIENT = new FTPClient(); FTP_CLIENT.setControlEncoding("UTF-8"); try { FTP_CLIENT.connect(HOSTNAME, PORT); if (!FTP_CLIENT.login(USERNAME, PASSWORD)) { throw new RuntimeException("ftp登录失败"); } } catch (Exception e) { throw new RuntimeException(e); } return FTP_CLIENT; } /** * 关闭使用的资源 * @param ftpClient * @param inputStream */ private static void closeIOResource(FTPClient ftpClient, InputStream inputStream, OutputStream outputStream) { if (ftpClient.isConnected()) { try { ftpClient.logout(); ftpClient.disconnect(); } catch (IOException e) { } } if (null != inputStream) { try { inputStream.close(); } catch (IOException e) { } } if (null != outputStream) { try { outputStream.close(); } catch (IOException e) { } } } }
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