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关于flink消费kafka的序列化时-如何拿到消息的meta信息

日期:2018-11-23点击:592

首先,我们故意制造一个异常

然后,发送一个JSON数据,并且缺失了一些字段,看看报什么错!

顺利抓到调用栈

[2018-11-23 13:24:32,877] INFO Source: MyKafka010JsonTableSource -> from: (pro, throwable, level, ip, SPT) -> where: (AND(IS NOT NULL(pro), IS NOT NULL(throwable), IS NOT NULL(level), IS NOT NULL(ip))), select: (pro, throwable, level, ip, SPT) (3/3) (7da5fcb7cd77ff35b64d8bbe367a84d7) switched from RUNNING to FAILED. org.apache.flink.runtime.taskmanager.Task.transitionState(Task.java:927) java.io.IOException: Failed to deserialize JSON object. at org.apache.flink.formats.json.JsonRowDeserializationSchema.deserialize(JsonRowDeserializationSchema.java:97) at org.apache.flink.formats.json.JsonRowDeserializationSchema.deserialize(JsonRowDeserializationSchema.java:50) at org.apache.flink.streaming.util.serialization.KeyedDeserializationSchemaWrapper.deserialize(KeyedDeserializationSchemaWrapper.java:44) at org.apache.flink.streaming.connectors.kafka.internal.Kafka09Fetcher.runFetchLoop(Kafka09Fetcher.java:142) at org.apache.flink.streaming.connectors.kafka.FlinkKafkaConsumerBase.run(FlinkKafkaConsumerBase.java:721) at org.apache.flink.streaming.api.operators.StreamSource.run(StreamSource.java:87) at org.apache.flink.streaming.api.operators.StreamSource.run(StreamSource.java:56) at org.apache.flink.streaming.runtime.tasks.SourceStreamTask.run(SourceStreamTask.java:99) at org.apache.flink.streaming.runtime.tasks.StreamTask.invoke(StreamTask.java:306) at org.apache.flink.runtime.taskmanager.Task.run(Task.java:703) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) Caused by: java.lang.IllegalStateException: Could not find field with name 'ip'. at org.apache.flink.formats.json.JsonRowDeserializationSchema.convertRow(JsonRowDeserializationSchema.java:189) at org.apache.flink.formats.json.JsonRowDeserializationSchema.deserialize(JsonRowDeserializationSchema.java:95) ... 10 more [2018-11-23 13:24:32,877] INFO Source: MyKafka010JsonTableSource -> from: (pro, throwable, level, ip, SPT) -> where: (AND(IS NOT NULL(pro), IS NOT NULL(throwable), IS NOT NULL(level), IS NOT NULL(ip))), select: (pro, throwable, level, ip, SPT) (2/3) (f68577aede6953de859c636d9d3b6f3e) switched from RUNNING to FAILED. org.apache.flink.runtime.taskmanager.Task.transitionState(Task.java:927) java.io.IOException: Failed to deserialize JSON object. at org.apache.flink.formats.json.JsonRowDeserializationSchema.deserialize(JsonRowDeserializationSchema.java:97) at org.apache.flink.formats.json.JsonRowDeserializationSchema.deserialize(JsonRowDeserializationSchema.java:50) at org.apache.flink.streaming.util.serialization.KeyedDeserializationSchemaWrapper.deserialize(KeyedDeserializationSchemaWrapper.java:44) at org.apache.flink.streaming.connectors.kafka.internal.Kafka09Fetcher.runFetchLoop(Kafka09Fetcher.java:142) at org.apache.flink.streaming.connectors.kafka.FlinkKafkaConsumerBase.run(FlinkKafkaConsumerBase.java:721) at org.apache.flink.streaming.api.operators.StreamSource.run(StreamSource.java:87) at org.apache.flink.streaming.api.operators.StreamSource.run(StreamSource.java:56) at org.apache.flink.streaming.runtime.tasks.SourceStreamTask.run(SourceStreamTask.java:99) at org.apache.flink.streaming.runtime.tasks.StreamTask.invoke(StreamTask.java:306) at org.apache.flink.runtime.taskmanager.Task.run(Task.java:703) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) Caused by: java.lang.IllegalStateException: Could not find field with name 'ip'. at org.apache.flink.formats.json.JsonRowDeserializationSchema.convertRow(JsonRowDeserializationSchema.java:189) at org.apache.flink.formats.json.JsonRowDeserializationSchema.deserialize(JsonRowDeserializationSchema.java:95) ... 10 more [2018-11-23 13:24:32,877] INFO Source: MyKafka010JsonTableSource -> from: (pro, throwable, level, ip, SPT) -> where: (AND(IS NOT NULL(pro), IS NOT NULL(throwable), IS NOT NULL(level), IS NOT NULL(ip))), select: (pro, throwable, level, ip, SPT) (1/3) (8a2c89aa3a2ea8f4c4423c69b22b2522) switched from RUNNING to FAILED. org.apache.flink.runtime.taskmanager.Task.transitionState(Task.java:927) java.io.IOException: Failed to deserialize JSON object. at org.apache.flink.formats.json.JsonRowDeserializationSchema.deserialize(JsonRowDeserializationSchema.java:97) at org.apache.flink.formats.json.JsonRowDeserializationSchema.deserialize(JsonRowDeserializationSchema.java:50) at org.apache.flink.streaming.util.serialization.KeyedDeserializationSchemaWrapper.deserialize(KeyedDeserializationSchemaWrapper.java:44) at org.apache.flink.streaming.connectors.kafka.internal.Kafka09Fetcher.runFetchLoop(Kafka09Fetcher.java:142) at org.apache.flink.streaming.connectors.kafka.FlinkKafkaConsumerBase.run(FlinkKafkaConsumerBase.java:721) at org.apache.flink.streaming.api.operators.StreamSource.run(StreamSource.java:87) at org.apache.flink.streaming.api.operators.StreamSource.run(StreamSource.java:56) at org.apache.flink.streaming.runtime.tasks.SourceStreamTask.run(SourceStreamTask.java:99) at org.apache.flink.streaming.runtime.tasks.StreamTask.invoke(StreamTask.java:306) at org.apache.flink.runtime.taskmanager.Task.run(Task.java:703) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) Caused by: java.lang.IllegalStateException: Could not find field with name 'ip'. at org.apache.flink.formats.json.JsonRowDeserializationSchema.convertRow(JsonRowDeserializationSchema.java:189) at org.apache.flink.formats.json.JsonRowDeserializationSchema.deserialize(JsonRowDeserializationSchema.java:95) ... 10 more [2018-11-23 13:24:32,892] INFO Freeing task resources for Source: MyKafka010JsonTableSource -> from: (pro, throwable, level, ip, SPT) -> where: (AND(IS NOT NULL(pro), IS NOT NULL(throwable), IS NOT NULL(level), IS NOT NULL(ip))), select: (pro, throwable, level, ip, SPT) (1/3) (8a2c89aa3a2ea8f4c4423c69b22b2522). org.apache.flink.runtime.taskmanager.Task.run(Task.java:810) 

这里只是为了让大家对内部序列化的地点有个印象。

 

如果你看懂了,下面进入正题

1)自定义的TableSource中改写

protected FlinkKafkaConsumerBase<Row> createKafkaConsumer(String topic, Properties properties, DeserializationSchema<Row> deserializationSchema) { //下面2行本质是一样的,但是因为需要自定义,所以自己返回 //super.createKafkaConsumer(topic, properties, deserializationSchema); return new FlinkKafkaConsumer010<>(Collections.singletonList(topic), new MyKeyedDeserializationSchemaWrapper<>(deserializationSchema), properties); }

2)MyKeyedDeserializationSchemaWrapper.java

package org.apache.flink.api.java.io.kafka; import java.io.IOException; import org.apache.flink.api.common.serialization.DeserializationSchema; import org.apache.flink.api.java.typeutils.RowTypeInfo; import org.apache.flink.streaming.util.serialization.KeyedDeserializationSchemaWrapper; import org.apache.flink.types.Row; public class MyKeyedDeserializationSchemaWrapper<T> extends KeyedDeserializationSchemaWrapper<T> { // private static final org.slf4j.Logger Logger = LoggerFactory // .getLogger(MyKeyedDeserializationSchemaWrapper.class); private static final int NOT_FOUND = -1; /** */ private static final long serialVersionUID = -6984024233082983820L; // private static final String KAFKA_TOPIC = "KAFKA_TOPIC"; private int KAFKA_TOPIC_INDEX = NOT_FOUND; // private static final String KAFKA_PARTITION = "KAFKA_PARTITION"; private int KAFKA_PARTITION_INDEX = NOT_FOUND; // private static final String KAFKA_OFFSET = "KAFKA_OFFSET"; private int KAFKA_OFFSET_INDEX = NOT_FOUND; // private boolean inited = false; public MyKeyedDeserializationSchemaWrapper(DeserializationSchema<T> deserializationSchema) { super(deserializationSchema); } @SuppressWarnings("unchecked") @Override public T deserialize(byte[] messageKey, byte[] message, String topic, int partition, long offset) throws IOException { Row row = (Row) super.deserialize(messageKey, message, topic, partition, offset); //只执行1次 if (false == inited) { RowTypeInfo rowTypeInfo = (RowTypeInfo) super.getProducedType();//Row(pro: String, throwable: String, level: String, ip: String, SPT: Timestamp) KAFKA_TOPIC_INDEX = rowTypeInfo.getFieldIndex(KAFKA_TOPIC); KAFKA_PARTITION_INDEX = rowTypeInfo.getFieldIndex(KAFKA_PARTITION); KAFKA_OFFSET_INDEX = rowTypeInfo.getFieldIndex(KAFKA_OFFSET); inited = true; } //每次都要执行一遍 if (NOT_FOUND != KAFKA_TOPIC_INDEX) { row.setField(KAFKA_TOPIC_INDEX, topic); } if (NOT_FOUND != KAFKA_PARTITION_INDEX) { row.setField(KAFKA_PARTITION_INDEX, partition); } if (NOT_FOUND != KAFKA_OFFSET_INDEX) { row.setField(KAFKA_OFFSET_INDEX, offset); } //返回最终结果 return (T) row; } } 

测试一把看看效果!

完美!

原文链接:https://my.oschina.net/qiangzigege/blog/2933898
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