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30分钟搞定iOS自定义相机

日期:2017-06-27点击:236

最近公司的项目中用到了相机,由于不用系统的相机,UI给的相机切图,必须自定义才可以。就花时间简单研究了一下相机的自定义。
相机属于系统硬件,这就需要我们来手动调用iPhone的相机硬件,分为以下步骤:


2016-03-30 上午9.51.09.png

1、首先声明以下对象

#import <AVFoundation/AVFoundation.h> //捕获设备,通常是前置摄像头,后置摄像头,麦克风(音频输入) @property (nonatomic, strong) AVCaptureDevice *device; //AVCaptureDeviceInput 代表输入设备,他使用AVCaptureDevice 来初始化 @property (nonatomic, strong) AVCaptureDeviceInput *input; //输出图片 @property (nonatomic ,strong) AVCaptureStillImageOutput *imageOutput; //session:由他把输入输出结合在一起,并开始启动捕获设备(摄像头) @property (nonatomic, strong) AVCaptureSession *session; //图像预览层,实时显示捕获的图像 @property (nonatomic ,strong) AVCaptureVideoPreviewLayer *previewLayer;

2、初始化各个对象

- (void)cameraDistrict { // AVCaptureDevicePositionBack 后置摄像头 // AVCaptureDevicePositionFront 前置摄像头 self.device = [self cameraWithPosition:AVCaptureDevicePositionFront]; self.input = [[AVCaptureDeviceInput alloc] initWithDevice:self.device error:nil]; self.imageOutput = [[AVCaptureStillImageOutput alloc] init]; self.session = [[AVCaptureSession alloc] init]; // 拿到的图像的大小可以自行设定 // AVCaptureSessionPreset320x240 // AVCaptureSessionPreset352x288 // AVCaptureSessionPreset640x480 // AVCaptureSessionPreset960x540 // AVCaptureSessionPreset1280x720 // AVCaptureSessionPreset1920x1080 // AVCaptureSessionPreset3840x2160 self.session.sessionPreset = AVCaptureSessionPreset640x480; //输入输出设备结合 if ([self.session canAddInput:self.input]) { [self.session addInput:self.input]; } if ([self.session canAddOutput:self.imageOutput]) { [self.session addOutput:self.imageOutput]; } //预览层的生成 self.previewLayer = [[AVCaptureVideoPreviewLayer alloc] initWithSession:self.session]; self.previewLayer.frame = CGRectMake(0, 64, SCREEN_WIDTH, SCREEN_HEIGHT-64); self.previewLayer.videoGravity = AVLayerVideoGravityResizeAspectFill; [self.view.layer addSublayer:self.previewLayer]; //设备取景开始 [self.session startRunning]; if ([_device lockForConfiguration:nil]) { //自动闪光灯, if ([_device isFlashModeSupported:AVCaptureFlashModeAuto]) { [_device setFlashMode:AVCaptureFlashModeAuto]; } //自动白平衡,但是好像一直都进不去 if ([_device isWhiteBalanceModeSupported:AVCaptureWhiteBalanceModeAutoWhiteBalance]) { [_device setWhiteBalanceMode:AVCaptureWhiteBalanceModeAutoWhiteBalance]; } [_device unlockForConfiguration]; } }

根据前后置位置拿到相应的摄像头:

- (AVCaptureDevice *)cameraWithPosition:(AVCaptureDevicePosition)position{ NSArray *devices = [AVCaptureDevice devicesWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo]; for ( AVCaptureDevice *device in devices ) if ( device.position == position ){ return device; } return nil; }

3、拍照拿到相应图片:

- (void)photoBtnDidClick { AVCaptureConnection *conntion = [self.imageOutput connectionWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo]; if (!conntion) { NSLog(@"拍照失败!"); return; } [self.imageOutput captureStillImageAsynchronouslyFromConnection:conntion completionHandler:^(CMSampleBufferRef imageDataSampleBuffer, NSError *error) { if (imageDataSampleBuffer == nil) { return ; } NSData *imageData = [AVCaptureStillImageOutput jpegStillImageNSDataRepresentation:imageDataSampleBuffer]; self.image = [UIImage imageWithData:imageData]; [self.session stopRunning]; [self.view addSubview:self.cameraImageView]; }

4、保存照片到相册:

#pragma - 保存至相册 - (void)saveImageToPhotoAlbum:(UIImage*)savedImage { UIImageWriteToSavedPhotosAlbum(savedImage, self, @selector(image:didFinishSavingWithError:contextInfo:), NULL); } // 指定回调方法 - (void)image: (UIImage *) image didFinishSavingWithError: (NSError *) error contextInfo: (void *) contextInfo { NSString *msg = nil ; if(error != NULL){ msg = @"保存图片失败" ; }else{ msg = @"保存图片成功" ; } UIAlertView *alert = [[UIAlertView alloc] initWithTitle:@"保存图片结果提示" message:msg delegate:self cancelButtonTitle:@"确定" otherButtonTitles:nil]; [alert show]; }

5、前后置摄像头的切换

- (void)changeCamera{ NSUInteger cameraCount = [[AVCaptureDevice devicesWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo] count]; if (cameraCount > 1) { NSError *error; //给摄像头的切换添加翻转动画 CATransition *animation = [CATransition animation]; animation.duration = .5f; animation.timingFunction = [CAMediaTimingFunction functionWithName:kCAMediaTimingFunctionEaseInEaseOut]; animation.type = @"oglFlip"; AVCaptureDevice *newCamera = nil; AVCaptureDeviceInput *newInput = nil; //拿到另外一个摄像头位置 AVCaptureDevicePosition position = [[_input device] position]; if (position == AVCaptureDevicePositionFront){ newCamera = [self cameraWithPosition:AVCaptureDevicePositionBack]; animation.subtype = kCATransitionFromLeft;//动画翻转方向 } else { newCamera = [self cameraWithPosition:AVCaptureDevicePositionFront]; animation.subtype = kCATransitionFromRight;//动画翻转方向 } //生成新的输入 newInput = [AVCaptureDeviceInput deviceInputWithDevice:newCamera error:nil]; [self.previewLayer addAnimation:animation forKey:nil]; if (newInput != nil) { [self.session beginConfiguration]; [self.session removeInput:self.input]; if ([self.session canAddInput:newInput]) { [self.session addInput:newInput]; self.input = newInput; } else { [self.session addInput:self.input]; } [self.session commitConfiguration]; } else if (error) { NSLog(@"toggle carema failed, error = %@", error); } } }

6、相机的其它参数设置

//AVCaptureFlashMode 闪光灯 //AVCaptureFocusMode 对焦 //AVCaptureExposureMode 曝光 //AVCaptureWhiteBalanceMode 白平衡 //闪光灯和白平衡可以在生成相机时候设置 //曝光要根据对焦点的光线状况而决定,所以和对焦一块写 //point为点击的位置 - (void)focusAtPoint:(CGPoint)point{ CGSize size = self.view.bounds.size; CGPoint focusPoint = CGPointMake( point.y /size.height ,1-point.x/size.width ); NSError *error; if ([self.device lockForConfiguration:&error]) { //对焦模式和对焦点 if ([self.device isFocusModeSupported:AVCaptureFocusModeAutoFocus]) { [self.device setFocusPointOfInterest:focusPoint]; [self.device setFocusMode:AVCaptureFocusModeAutoFocus]; } //曝光模式和曝光点 if ([self.device isExposureModeSupported:AVCaptureExposureModeAutoExpose ]) { [self.device setExposurePointOfInterest:focusPoint]; [self.device setExposureMode:AVCaptureExposureModeAutoExpose]; } [self.device unlockForConfiguration]; //设置对焦动画 _focusView.center = point; _focusView.hidden = NO; [UIView animateWithDuration:0.3 animations:^{ _focusView.transform = CGAffineTransformMakeScale(1.25, 1.25); }completion:^(BOOL finished) { [UIView animateWithDuration:0.5 animations:^{ _focusView.transform = CGAffineTransformIdentity; } completion:^(BOOL finished) { _focusView.hidden = YES; }]; }]; } }

7、遇到的一些坑和解决办法

1) 前后置摄像头的切换

前后值不能切换,各种尝试找了半天没找到有原因。后来发现我在设置图片尺寸的时候设置为1080P [self.session canSetSessionPreset: AVCaptureSessionPreset1920x1080] ,前置摄像头并不支持这么大的尺寸,所以就不能切换前置摄像头。我验证了下 前置摄像头最高支持720P,720P以内可自由切换。 当然也可以在前后置摄像头切换的时候,根据前后摄像头来设置不同的尺寸,这里不在赘述。

2)焦点位置

CGPoint focusPoint = CGPointMake( point.y /size.height ,1-point.x/size.width );
setExposurePointOfInterest:focusPoint 函数后面Point取值范围是取景框左上角(0,0)到取景框右下角(1,1)之间。官方是这么写的:
The value of this property is a CGPoint that determines the receiver's focus point of interest, if it has one. A value of (0,0) indicates that the camera should focus on the top left corner of the image, while a value of (1,1) indicates that it should focus on the bottom right. The default value is (0.5,0.5).
我也试了按这个来但位置就是不对,只能按上面的写法才可以。前面是点击位置的y/PreviewLayer的高度,后面是1-点击位置的x/PreviewLayer的宽度

3)对焦和曝光

我在设置对焦是 先设置了模式setFocusMode,后设置对焦位置,就会导致很奇怪的现象,对焦位置是你上次点击的位置。所以一定要先设置位置,再设置对焦模式。
曝光同上

原文链接:https://yq.aliyun.com/articles/595098
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