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Android5.0 Recovery源代码分析与定制(一)

日期:2017-06-03点击:334

在Tiny4412的Android5.0源代码中:

bootable/recovery/recovery.cpp是recovery程序的主文件。

仔细一看,对比了其它平台的recovery源代码,除了MTK对Recovery做了相应的定制外,其它的平台几乎没有看到,关于MTK平台,后续再分析。

关于Android5.0的recovery,有什么功能,在recovery.cpp中开头就已经做了详细的说明,我们来看看:

/* * The recovery tool communicates with the main system through /cache files. * /cache/recovery/command - INPUT - command line for tool, one arg per line * /cache/recovery/log - OUTPUT - combined log file from recovery run(s) * /cache/recovery/intent - OUTPUT - intent that was passed in * * The arguments which may be supplied in the recovery.command file: * --send_intent=anystring - write the text out to recovery.intent * --update_package=path - verify install an OTA package file * --wipe_data - erase user data (and cache), then reboot * --wipe_cache - wipe cache (but not user data), then reboot * --set_encrypted_filesystem=on|off - enables / diasables encrypted fs * --just_exit - do nothing; exit and reboot * * After completing, we remove /cache/recovery/command and reboot. * Arguments may also be supplied in the bootloader control block (BCB). * These important scenarios must be safely restartable at any point: * * FACTORY RESET * 1. user selects "factory reset" * 2. main system writes "--wipe_data" to /cache/recovery/command * 3. main system reboots into recovery * 4. get_args() writes BCB with "boot-recovery" and "--wipe_data" * -- after this, rebooting will restart the erase -- * 5. erase_volume() reformats /data * 6. erase_volume() reformats /cache * 7. finish_recovery() erases BCB * -- after this, rebooting will restart the main system -- * 8. main() calls reboot() to boot main system * * OTA INSTALL * 1. main system downloads OTA package to /cache/some-filename.zip * 2. main system writes "--update_package=/cache/some-filename.zip" * 3. main system reboots into recovery * 4. get_args() writes BCB with "boot-recovery" and "--update_package=..." * -- after this, rebooting will attempt to reinstall the update -- * 5. install_package() attempts to install the update * NOTE: the package install must itself be restartable from any point * 6. finish_recovery() erases BCB * -- after this, rebooting will (try to) restart the main system -- * 7. ** if install failed ** * 7a. prompt_and_wait() shows an error icon and waits for the user * 7b; the user reboots (pulling the battery, etc) into the main system * 8. main() calls maybe_install_firmware_update() * ** if the update contained radio/hboot firmware **: * 8a. m_i_f_u() writes BCB with "boot-recovery" and "--wipe_cache" * -- after this, rebooting will reformat cache & restart main system -- * 8b. m_i_f_u() writes firmware image into raw cache partition * 8c. m_i_f_u() writes BCB with "update-radio/hboot" and "--wipe_cache" * -- after this, rebooting will attempt to reinstall firmware -- * 8d. bootloader tries to flash firmware * 8e. bootloader writes BCB with "boot-recovery" (keeping "--wipe_cache") * -- after this, rebooting will reformat cache & restart main system -- * 8f. erase_volume() reformats /cache * 8g. finish_recovery() erases BCB * -- after this, rebooting will (try to) restart the main system -- * 9. main() calls reboot() to boot main system */
在这段英文注释里,详细的说明了factory_reset(Android的恢复出厂设置功能)的流程以及OTA系统更新的流程。

在这段注释得最前面说得很明白,我们只要往/cache/recovery/command中写入相应的命令:

 * The arguments which may be supplied in the recovery.command file: * --send_intent=anystring - write the text out to recovery.intent * --update_package=path - verify install an OTA package file * --wipe_data - erase user data (and cache), then reboot * --wipe_cache - wipe cache (but not user data), then reboot * --set_encrypted_filesystem=on|off - enables / diasables encrypted fs * --just_exit - do nothing; exit and reboot
比如写入: 

--update_package=path(对应的OTA更新的路径)

例如:

--update_package=/mnt/external_sd/xxx.zip

将这条命令写入后,再重启Android系统,recovery检测到有这个命令存在,就会去搜索这个路径,然后将这个路径做路径转换,接下来获取转换后的路径后,就挂载这个路径,然后挂载这个路径,获取OTA包,解包,校验,然后最后实现真正的更新。

如果我们往这个文件写入: --wipe_data

那么就会做出厂设置,格式化/data分区的内容。

接下来,我们来看看代码,从main函数开始分析:

进入main函数后,会将recovery产生的log信息重定向到/tmp/recovery.log这个文件里,具体代码实现如下:

//重定向标准输出和标准出错到/tmp/recovery.log 这个文件里 //static const char *TEMPORARY_LOG_FILE = "/tmp/recovery.log"; redirect_stdio(TEMPORARY_LOG_FILE);
redirect_stdio函数源代码:

static void redirect_stdio(const char* filename) { // If these fail, there's not really anywhere to complain... freopen(filename, "a", stdout); setbuf(stdout, NULL); freopen(filename, "a", stderr); setbuf(stderr, NULL); }
我们看到,所有产生来自stdout和stderr的信息会使用freopen这个函数重定向到/tmp/recovery.log这个文件里。

stdout就是标准输出,stdout就是标准出错。标准输出就是我们平时使用的printf输出的信息。

当然也可以使用fprintf(stdout,"hello world\n");也是一样的

标准出错就是fprintf(stderr,"hello world!\n");类似的代码。

接下下来,将会判断是否使用adb的sideload来传入,通过参数--adbd来判断:

 // If this binary is started with the single argument "--adbd", // instead of being the normal recovery binary, it turns into kind // of a stripped-down version of adbd that only supports the // 'sideload' command. Note this must be a real argument, not // anything in the command file or bootloader control block; the // only way recovery should be run with this argument is when it // starts a copy of itself from the apply_from_adb() function. if (argc == 2 && strcmp(argv[1], "--adbd") == 0) { adb_main(); return 0; }
做完这些步骤以后,会初始化并装载recovery的分区表recovery.fstab,然后挂载/cache/recovery/last_log这个文件,用来输出log。

 printf("Starting recovery (pid %d) on %s", getpid(), ctime(&start)); //装载recovery的分区表recovery.fstab load_volume_table(); //在recovery中挂载/cache/recovery/last_log这个文件 //#define LAST_LOG_FILE "/cache/recovery/last_log" ensure_path_mounted(LAST_LOG_FILE); rotate_last_logs(KEEP_LOG_COUNT);
这里主要看如何装载分区表的流程,先来看看recovery.fstab

/dev/block/by-name/boot /boot emmc defaults defaults /dev/block/by-name/recovery /recovery emmc defaults defaults /dev/block/by-name/splashscreen /splashscreen emmc defaults defaults /dev/block/by-name/fastboot /fastboot emmc defaults defaults /dev/block/by-name/misc /misc emmc defaults defaults /dev/block/by-name/system /system ext4 ro,noatime wait /dev/block/by-name/cache /cache ext4 nosuid,nodev,noatime,barrier=1,data=ordered wait,check /dev/block/by-name/userdata /data ext4 nosuid,nodev,noatime,discard,barrier=1,data=ordered,noauto_da_alloc wait,check /dev/block/by-name/factory /factory ext4 nosuid,nodev,noatime,barrier=1,data=ordered wait

接下来看是如果挂载的:

void load_volume_table() { int i; int ret; //读recovery.fstab 这个分区表 fstab = fs_mgr_read_fstab("/etc/recovery.fstab"); if (!fstab) { LOGE("failed to read /etc/recovery.fstab\n"); return; } //将对应的信息加入到一条链表中 ret = fs_mgr_add_entry(fstab, "/tmp", "ramdisk", "ramdisk"); //如果load到的分区表为空,后面做释放操作 if (ret < 0 ) { LOGE("failed to add /tmp entry to fstab\n"); fs_mgr_free_fstab(fstab); fstab = NULL; return; } printf("recovery filesystem table\n"); printf("=========================\n"); //到这一步,打印分区表信息,这类信息在 //recovery启动的时候的log可以看到 //分别是以下 //编号| 挂载节点| 文件系统类型| 块设备| 长度 for (i = 0; i < fstab->num_entries; ++i) { Volume* v = &fstab->recs[i]; printf(" %d %s %s %s %lld\n", i, v->mount_point, v->fs_type, v->blk_device, v->length); } printf("\n"); }

挂载完相应的分区以后,就需要获取命令参数,因为只有挂载了对应的分区,才能访问到前面要写入command的这个文件,这样我们才能正确的打开文件,如果分区都没找到,那么当然就找不到分区上的文件,上面这个步骤是至关重要的。

//获取参数 //这个参数也可能是从/cache/recovery/command文件中得到相应的命令 //也就是可以往command这个文件写入对应的格式的命令即可 get_args(&argc, &argv); const char *send_intent = NULL; const char *update_package = NULL; int wipe_data = 0, wipe_cache = 0, show_text = 0; bool just_exit = false; bool shutdown_after = false; int arg; //参数有擦除分区,OTA更新等 while ((arg = getopt_long(argc, argv, "", OPTIONS, NULL)) != -1) { switch (arg) { case 's': send_intent = optarg; break; case 'u': update_package = optarg; break; case 'w': wipe_data = wipe_cache = 1; break; case 'c': wipe_cache = 1; break; case 't': show_text = 1; break; case 'x': just_exit = true; break; case 'l': locale = optarg; break; case 'g': { if (stage == NULL || *stage == '\0') { char buffer[20] = "1/"; strncat(buffer, optarg, sizeof(buffer)-3); stage = strdup(buffer); } break; } case 'p': shutdown_after = true; break; case 'r': reason = optarg; break; case '?': LOGE("Invalid command argument\n"); continue; } }
获取 到对应的命令,就会执行对应的标志,后面会根据标志来执行对应的操作。

做完以上的流程后,下面就是创建设备,设置语言信息,初始化recovery的UI界面,设置Selinux权限,代码如下:

//设置语言 if (locale == NULL) { load_locale_from_cache(); } printf("locale is [%s]\n", locale); printf("stage is [%s]\n", stage); printf("reason is [%s]\n", reason); //创建设备 Device* device = make_device(); //获取UI ui = device->GetUI(); //设置当前的UI gCurrentUI = ui; //设置UI的语言信息 ui->SetLocale(locale); //UI初始化 ui->Init(); int st_cur, st_max; if (stage != NULL && sscanf(stage, "%d/%d", &st_cur, &st_max) == 2) { ui->SetStage(st_cur, st_max); } //设置recovery的背景图 ui->SetBackground(RecoveryUI::NONE); //设置界面上是否能够显示字符,使能ui->print函数开关 if (show_text) ui->ShowText(true); //设置selinux权限,一般我会把selinux 给disabled struct selinux_opt seopts[] = { { SELABEL_OPT_PATH, "/file_contexts" } }; sehandle = selabel_open(SELABEL_CTX_FILE, seopts, 1); if (!sehandle) { ui->Print("Warning: No file_contexts\n"); } //虚函数,没有做什么流程 device->StartRecovery(); printf("Command:"); for (arg = 0; arg < argc; arg++) { printf(" \"%s\"", argv[arg]); } printf("\n");
接下来 是重要的环节,这个环节将会根据上面命令参数来做真正的事情了,比如恢复出厂设置,OTA更新等。

//如果update_package(也就是要升级的OTA包)不为空的情况下 //这里要对升级包的路径做一下路径转换,这里可以自由定制自己升级包的路径 if (update_package) { // For backwards compatibility on the cache partition only, if // we're given an old 'root' path "CACHE:foo", change it to // "/cache/foo". //这里就是做转换的方法 //先比较传进来的recovery参数的前6个byte是否是CACHE //如果是将其路径转化为/cache/CACHE: ...... if (strncmp(update_package, "CACHE:", 6) == 0) { int len = strlen(update_package) + 10; char* modified_path = (char*)malloc(len); strlcpy(modified_path, "/cache/", len); strlcat(modified_path, update_package+6, len); printf("(replacing path \"%s\" with \"%s\")\n", update_package, modified_path); //这个update_package就是转换后的路径 update_package = modified_path; } } printf("\n"); property_list(print_property, NULL); //获取属性,这里应该是从一个文件中找到ro.build.display.id //获取recovery的版本信息 property_get("ro.build.display.id", recovery_version, ""); printf("\n"); //定义一个安装成功的标志位INSTALL_SUCCESS ----> 其实是个枚举,值为0 int status = INSTALL_SUCCESS; //判断转换后的OTA升级包的路径是否不为空,如果不为空 //执行install_package 函数进行升级 if (update_package != NULL) { status = install_package(update_package, &wipe_cache, TEMPORARY_INSTALL_FILE, true); //判断是否升级成功 if (status == INSTALL_SUCCESS && wipe_cache) { //擦除这个路径,相当于删除了这个路径下的OTA升级包 if (erase_volume("/cache")) { LOGE("Cache wipe (requested by package) failed."); } } //如果安装不成功 if (status != INSTALL_SUCCESS) { ui->Print("Installation aborted.\n"); // If this is an eng or userdebug build, then automatically // turn the text display on if the script fails so the error // message is visible. char buffer[PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX+1]; property_get("ro.build.fingerprint", buffer, ""); if (strstr(buffer, ":userdebug/") || strstr(buffer, ":eng/")) { ui->ShowText(true); } } } //如果跑的是格式化数据区,那么就走这个流程 else if (wipe_data) { if (device->WipeData()) status = INSTALL_ERROR; //格式化/data分区 if (erase_volume("/data")) status = INSTALL_ERROR; if (wipe_cache && erase_volume("/cache")) status = INSTALL_ERROR; if (erase_persistent_partition() == -1 ) status = INSTALL_ERROR; if (status != INSTALL_SUCCESS) ui->Print("Data wipe failed.\n"); } //格式化cache分区 else if (wipe_cache) { if (wipe_cache && erase_volume("/cache")) status = INSTALL_ERROR; if (status != INSTALL_SUCCESS) ui->Print("Cache wipe failed.\n"); } else if (!just_exit) { status = INSTALL_NONE; // No command specified ui->SetBackground(RecoveryUI::NO_COMMAND); } //如果安装失败或者。。。 if (status == INSTALL_ERROR || status == INSTALL_CORRUPT) { copy_logs(); //显示错误的LOGO ui->SetBackground(RecoveryUI::ERROR); } Device::BuiltinAction after = shutdown_after ? Device::SHUTDOWN : Device::REBOOT; if (status != INSTALL_SUCCESS || ui->IsTextVisible()) { Device::BuiltinAction temp = prompt_and_wait(device, status); if (temp != Device::NO_ACTION) after = temp; } // Save logs and clean up before rebooting or shutting down. //完成recovery升级 finish_recovery(send_intent); switch (after) { case Device::SHUTDOWN: ui->Print("Shutting down...\n"); property_set(ANDROID_RB_PROPERTY, "shutdown,"); break; case Device::REBOOT_BOOTLOADER: ui->Print("Rebooting to bootloader...\n"); property_set(ANDROID_RB_PROPERTY, "reboot,bootloader"); break; default: ui->Print("Rebooting...\n"); property_set(ANDROID_RB_PROPERTY, "reboot,"); break; } sleep(5); // should reboot before this finishes return EXIT_SUCCESS;
这里面,我们最常用的即是OTA更新和恢复出厂设置,先来说说恢复出厂设置,这个功能就是所谓的手机双清,众所周知,Android手机在使用很久后,由于垃圾数据,以及其它的因素会导致手机的反应越来越慢,这让人烦恼不已,所以就需要双清,双清一般就是清除

/data分区和/cache分区,代码流程很详细,有兴趣可以自己去分析。

接下来看看OTA是如何实现更新的,我们看到install_ota_package这个函数,执行到这个函数,看到源码:

//安装更新包 int install_package(const char* path, int* wipe_cache, const char* install_file, bool needs_mount) { FILE* install_log = fopen_path(install_file, "w"); if (install_log) { fputs(path, install_log); fputc('\n', install_log); } else { LOGE("failed to open last_install: %s\n", strerror(errno)); } int result; //设置安装挂载对应的节点 //这一步是关键 if (setup_install_mounts() != 0) { LOGE("failed to set up expected mounts for install; aborting\n"); result = INSTALL_ERROR; } else { //到这里才是真正的去安装OTA包 result = really_install_package(path, wipe_cache, needs_mount); } //如果返回结果为0,那么安装就成功了 if (install_log) { fputc(result == INSTALL_SUCCESS ? '1' : '0', install_log); fputc('\n', install_log); fclose(install_log); } return result; }
其实到了really_install_package这一步,才是真正做到OTA更新,但是在OTA更新之前至关重要的一步就是设置安装挂载对应的节点了,我曾经掉入此坑,现在拿出来分析一下,我们来看看setup_install_mounts这个函数:

//设置安装挂载的节点 int setup_install_mounts() { if (fstab == NULL) { LOGE("can't set up install mounts: no fstab loaded\n"); return -1; } for (int i = 0; i < fstab->num_entries; ++i) { Volume* v = fstab->recs + i; //如果判断挂载的路径是/tmp 或者/cache //那么就挂载对应的节点,而其它的节点都不会去挂载 if (strcmp(v->mount_point, "/tmp") == 0 || strcmp(v->mount_point, "/cache") == 0) { if (ensure_path_mounted(v->mount_point) != 0) { LOGE("failed to mount %s\n", v->mount_point); return -1; } } //如果不是/tmp或者/cache这两个节点,则默认就会卸载所有的挂载节点 else { //卸载所有的挂载节点 if (ensure_path_unmounted(v->mount_point) != 0) { LOGE("failed to unmount %s\n", v->mount_point); return -1; } } } return 0; } 
如果在安装更新的时候,OTA包经过路径转换后不是放在/tmp和/cache这个路径下的时候,那么就会走else分支,从而卸载所有的挂载节点,这样就会导致,传的路径正确,却OTA更新不成功,如果是做自己定制的路径,这一步一定要小心,我们可以在这里继续添加定制的挂载点。

那么,执行完设置挂载节点的函数后,接下来就是执行真正的OTA更新了,我们来看看:

static int really_install_package(const char *path, int* wipe_cache, bool needs_mount) { //设置更新时的背景 ui->SetBackground(RecoveryUI::INSTALLING_UPDATE); ui->Print("Finding update package...\n"); // Give verification half the progress bar... //设置进度条的类型 ui->SetProgressType(RecoveryUI::DETERMINATE); //显示进度条 ui->ShowProgress(VERIFICATION_PROGRESS_FRACTION, VERIFICATION_PROGRESS_TIME); LOGI("Update location: %s\n", path); //在屏幕上打印 Opening update package.. // Map the update package into memory. ui->Print("Opening update package...\n"); //patch是OTA的路径,need_mount参数表示是否需要挂载,1挂载,0,不挂载 if (path && needs_mount) { if (path[0] == '@') { ensure_path_mounted(path+1); } else { //挂载OTA升级包的路径------> 一般是执行这个流程 ensure_path_mounted(path); } } MemMapping map; if (sysMapFile(path, &map) != 0) { LOGE("failed to map file\n"); return INSTALL_CORRUPT; } int numKeys; //获取校验公钥文件 Certificate* loadedKeys = load_keys(PUBLIC_KEYS_FILE, &numKeys); if (loadedKeys == NULL) { LOGE("Failed to load keys\n"); return INSTALL_CORRUPT; } LOGI("%d key(s) loaded from %s\n", numKeys, PUBLIC_KEYS_FILE); ui->Print("Verifying update package...\n"); int err; //校验文件 err = verify_file(map.addr, map.length, loadedKeys, numKeys); free(loadedKeys); LOGI("verify_file returned %d\n", err); //如果校验不成功 if (err != VERIFY_SUCCESS) { //打印签名失败 LOGE("signature verification failed\n"); sysReleaseMap(&map); return INSTALL_CORRUPT; } /* Try to open the package. */ //尝试去打开ota压缩包 ZipArchive zip; err = mzOpenZipArchive(map.addr, map.length, &zip); if (err != 0) { LOGE("Can't open %s\n(%s)\n", path, err != -1 ? strerror(err) : "bad"); sysReleaseMap(&map); return INSTALL_CORRUPT; } /* Verify and install the contents of the package. */ //开始安装升级包 ui->Print("Installing update...\n"); ui->SetEnableReboot(false); int result = try_update_binary(path, &zip, wipe_cache); //安装成功后自动重启 ui->SetEnableReboot(true); ui->Print("\n"); sysReleaseMap(&map); //返回结果 return result; } 
关于recovery的大致流程,我们分析至此,关于如何像MTK平台一样,定制recovery,这就需要读者能够读懂recovery的流程,然后加入自己的代码进行定制,当然我们也会看到,一些recovery花样百出,很多UI做了自己的,而不是用安卓系统原生态的,安卓系统recovery原生态的UI如下:




如何定制相应的UI,后续我们会对recovery源代码中的UI显示做进一步的分析。。。。

接下来,贴出Android5.0的recovery.cpp代码和注释:

/* * Copyright (C) 2007 The Android Open Source Project * * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. * You may obtain a copy of the License at * * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 * * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and * limitations under the License. */ #include <ctype.h> #include <dirent.h> #include <errno.h> #include <fcntl.h> #include <getopt.h> #include <limits.h> #include <linux/input.h> #include <stdarg.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <string.h> #include <sys/stat.h> #include <sys/types.h> #include <time.h> #include <unistd.h> #include "bootloader.h" #include "common.h" #include "cutils/properties.h" #include "cutils/android_reboot.h" #include "install.h" #include "minui/minui.h" #include "minzip/DirUtil.h" #include "roots.h" #include "ui.h" #include "screen_ui.h" #include "device.h" #include "adb_install.h" extern "C" { #include "minadbd/adb.h" #include "fuse_sideload.h" #include "fuse_sdcard_provider.h" } struct selabel_handle *sehandle; static const struct option OPTIONS[] = { { "send_intent", required_argument, NULL, 's' }, { "update_package", required_argument, NULL, 'u' }, { "wipe_data", no_argument, NULL, 'w' }, { "wipe_cache", no_argument, NULL, 'c' }, { "show_text", no_argument, NULL, 't' }, { "just_exit", no_argument, NULL, 'x' }, { "locale", required_argument, NULL, 'l' }, { "stages", required_argument, NULL, 'g' }, { "shutdown_after", no_argument, NULL, 'p' }, { "reason", required_argument, NULL, 'r' }, { NULL, 0, NULL, 0 }, }; #define LAST_LOG_FILE "/cache/recovery/last_log" static const char *CACHE_LOG_DIR = "/cache/recovery"; static const char *COMMAND_FILE = "/cache/recovery/command"; static const char *INTENT_FILE = "/cache/recovery/intent"; static const char *LOG_FILE = "/cache/recovery/log"; static const char *LAST_INSTALL_FILE = "/cache/recovery/last_install"; static const char *LOCALE_FILE = "/cache/recovery/last_locale"; static const char *CACHE_ROOT = "/cache"; static const char *SDCARD_ROOT = "/sdcard"; static const char *TEMPORARY_LOG_FILE = "/tmp/recovery.log"; static const char *TEMPORARY_INSTALL_FILE = "/tmp/last_install"; #define KEEP_LOG_COUNT 10 RecoveryUI* ui = NULL; char* locale = NULL; char recovery_version[PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX+1]; char* stage = NULL; char* reason = NULL; /* * The recovery tool communicates with the main system through /cache files. * /cache/recovery/command - INPUT - command line for tool, one arg per line * /cache/recovery/log - OUTPUT - combined log file from recovery run(s) * /cache/recovery/intent - OUTPUT - intent that was passed in * * The arguments which may be supplied in the recovery.command file: * --send_intent=anystring - write the text out to recovery.intent * --update_package=path - verify install an OTA package file * --wipe_data - erase user data (and cache), then reboot * --wipe_cache - wipe cache (but not user data), then reboot * --set_encrypted_filesystem=on|off - enables / diasables encrypted fs * --just_exit - do nothing; exit and reboot * * After completing, we remove /cache/recovery/command and reboot. * Arguments may also be supplied in the bootloader control block (BCB). * These important scenarios must be safely restartable at any point: * * FACTORY RESET * 1. user selects "factory reset" * 2. main system writes "--wipe_data" to /cache/recovery/command * 3. main system reboots into recovery * 4. get_args() writes BCB with "boot-recovery" and "--wipe_data" * -- after this, rebooting will restart the erase -- * 5. erase_volume() reformats /data * 6. erase_volume() reformats /cache * 7. finish_recovery() erases BCB * -- after this, rebooting will restart the main system -- * 8. main() calls reboot() to boot main system * * OTA INSTALL * 1. main system downloads OTA package to /cache/some-filename.zip * 2. main system writes "--update_package=/cache/some-filename.zip" * 3. main system reboots into recovery * 4. get_args() writes BCB with "boot-recovery" and "--update_package=..." * -- after this, rebooting will attempt to reinstall the update -- * 5. install_package() attempts to install the update * NOTE: the package install must itself be restartable from any point * 6. finish_recovery() erases BCB * -- after this, rebooting will (try to) restart the main system -- * 7. ** if install failed ** * 7a. prompt_and_wait() shows an error icon and waits for the user * 7b; the user reboots (pulling the battery, etc) into the main system * 8. main() calls maybe_install_firmware_update() * ** if the update contained radio/hboot firmware **: * 8a. m_i_f_u() writes BCB with "boot-recovery" and "--wipe_cache" * -- after this, rebooting will reformat cache & restart main system -- * 8b. m_i_f_u() writes firmware image into raw cache partition * 8c. m_i_f_u() writes BCB with "update-radio/hboot" and "--wipe_cache" * -- after this, rebooting will attempt to reinstall firmware -- * 8d. bootloader tries to flash firmware * 8e. bootloader writes BCB with "boot-recovery" (keeping "--wipe_cache") * -- after this, rebooting will reformat cache & restart main system -- * 8f. erase_volume() reformats /cache * 8g. finish_recovery() erases BCB * -- after this, rebooting will (try to) restart the main system -- * 9. main() calls reboot() to boot main system */ static const int MAX_ARG_LENGTH = 4096; static const int MAX_ARGS = 100; // open a given path, mounting partitions as necessary FILE* fopen_path(const char *path, const char *mode) { if (ensure_path_mounted(path) != 0) { LOGE("Can't mount %s\n", path); return NULL; } // When writing, try to create the containing directory, if necessary. // Use generous permissions, the system (init.rc) will reset them. if (strchr("wa", mode[0])) dirCreateHierarchy(path, 0777, NULL, 1, sehandle); FILE *fp = fopen(path, mode); return fp; } static void redirect_stdio(const char* filename) { // If these fail, there's not really anywhere to complain... freopen(filename, "a", stdout); setbuf(stdout, NULL); freopen(filename, "a", stderr); setbuf(stderr, NULL); } // close a file, log an error if the error indicator is set static void check_and_fclose(FILE *fp, const char *name) { fflush(fp); if (ferror(fp)) LOGE("Error in %s\n(%s)\n", name, strerror(errno)); fclose(fp); } // command line args come from, in decreasing precedence: // - the actual command line // - the bootloader control block (one per line, after "recovery") // - the contents of COMMAND_FILE (one per line) static void get_args(int *argc, char ***argv) { struct bootloader_message boot; memset(&boot, 0, sizeof(boot)); get_bootloader_message(&boot); // this may fail, leaving a zeroed structure stage = strndup(boot.stage, sizeof(boot.stage)); if (boot.command[0] != 0 && boot.command[0] != 255) { LOGI("Boot command: %.*s\n", (int)sizeof(boot.command), boot.command); } if (boot.status[0] != 0 && boot.status[0] != 255) { LOGI("Boot status: %.*s\n", (int)sizeof(boot.status), boot.status); } // --- if arguments weren't supplied, look in the bootloader control block if (*argc <= 1) { boot.recovery[sizeof(boot.recovery) - 1] = '\0'; // Ensure termination const char *arg = strtok(boot.recovery, "\n"); if (arg != NULL && !strcmp(arg, "recovery")) { *argv = (char **) malloc(sizeof(char *) * MAX_ARGS); (*argv)[0] = strdup(arg); for (*argc = 1; *argc < MAX_ARGS; ++*argc) { if ((arg = strtok(NULL, "\n")) == NULL) break; (*argv)[*argc] = strdup(arg); } LOGI("Got arguments from boot message\n"); } else if (boot.recovery[0] != 0 && boot.recovery[0] != 255) { LOGE("Bad boot message\n\"%.20s\"\n", boot.recovery); } } // --- if that doesn't work, try the command file if (*argc <= 1) { FILE *fp = fopen_path(COMMAND_FILE, "r"); if (fp != NULL) { char *token; char *argv0 = (*argv)[0]; *argv = (char **) malloc(sizeof(char *) * MAX_ARGS); (*argv)[0] = argv0; // use the same program name char buf[MAX_ARG_LENGTH]; for (*argc = 1; *argc < MAX_ARGS; ++*argc) { if (!fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), fp)) break; token = strtok(buf, "\r\n"); if (token != NULL) { (*argv)[*argc] = strdup(token); // Strip newline. } else { --*argc; } } check_and_fclose(fp, COMMAND_FILE); LOGI("Got arguments from %s\n", COMMAND_FILE); } } // --> write the arguments we have back into the bootloader control block // always boot into recovery after this (until finish_recovery() is called) strlcpy(boot.command, "boot-recovery", sizeof(boot.command)); strlcpy(boot.recovery, "recovery\n", sizeof(boot.recovery)); int i; for (i = 1; i < *argc; ++i) { strlcat(boot.recovery, (*argv)[i], sizeof(boot.recovery)); strlcat(boot.recovery, "\n", sizeof(boot.recovery)); } set_bootloader_message(&boot); } static void set_sdcard_update_bootloader_message() { struct bootloader_message boot; memset(&boot, 0, sizeof(boot)); strlcpy(boot.command, "boot-recovery", sizeof(boot.command)); strlcpy(boot.recovery, "recovery\n", sizeof(boot.recovery)); set_bootloader_message(&boot); } // How much of the temp log we have copied to the copy in cache. static long tmplog_offset = 0; static void copy_log_file(const char* source, const char* destination, int append) { FILE *log = fopen_path(destination, append ? "a" : "w"); if (log == NULL) { LOGE("Can't open %s\n", destination); } else { FILE *tmplog = fopen(source, "r"); if (tmplog != NULL) { if (append) { fseek(tmplog, tmplog_offset, SEEK_SET); // Since last write } char buf[4096]; while (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), tmplog)) fputs(buf, log); if (append) { tmplog_offset = ftell(tmplog); } check_and_fclose(tmplog, source); } check_and_fclose(log, destination); } } // Rename last_log -> last_log.1 -> last_log.2 -> ... -> last_log.$max // Overwrites any existing last_log.$max. static void rotate_last_logs(int max) { char oldfn[256]; char newfn[256]; int i; for (i = max-1; i >= 0; --i) { snprintf(oldfn, sizeof(oldfn), (i==0) ? LAST_LOG_FILE : (LAST_LOG_FILE ".%d"), i); snprintf(newfn, sizeof(newfn), LAST_LOG_FILE ".%d", i+1); // ignore errors rename(oldfn, newfn); } } static void copy_logs() { // Copy logs to cache so the system can find out what happened. copy_log_file(TEMPORARY_LOG_FILE, LOG_FILE, true); copy_log_file(TEMPORARY_LOG_FILE, LAST_LOG_FILE, false); copy_log_file(TEMPORARY_INSTALL_FILE, LAST_INSTALL_FILE, false); chmod(LOG_FILE, 0600); chown(LOG_FILE, 1000, 1000); // system user chmod(LAST_LOG_FILE, 0640); chmod(LAST_INSTALL_FILE, 0644); sync(); } // clear the recovery command and prepare to boot a (hopefully working) system, // copy our log file to cache as well (for the system to read), and // record any intent we were asked to communicate back to the system. // this function is idempotent: call it as many times as you like. static void finish_recovery(const char *send_intent) { // By this point, we're ready to return to the main system... if (send_intent != NULL) { FILE *fp = fopen_path(INTENT_FILE, "w"); if (fp == NULL) { LOGE("Can't open %s\n", INTENT_FILE); } else { fputs(send_intent, fp); check_and_fclose(fp, INTENT_FILE); } } // Save the locale to cache, so if recovery is next started up // without a --locale argument (eg, directly from the bootloader) // it will use the last-known locale. if (locale != NULL) { LOGI("Saving locale \"%s\"\n", locale); FILE* fp = fopen_path(LOCALE_FILE, "w"); fwrite(locale, 1, strlen(locale), fp); fflush(fp); fsync(fileno(fp)); check_and_fclose(fp, LOCALE_FILE); } copy_logs(); // Reset to normal system boot so recovery won't cycle indefinitely. struct bootloader_message boot; memset(&boot, 0, sizeof(boot)); set_bootloader_message(&boot); // Remove the command file, so recovery won't repeat indefinitely. if (ensure_path_mounted(COMMAND_FILE) != 0 || (unlink(COMMAND_FILE) && errno != ENOENT)) { LOGW("Can't unlink %s\n", COMMAND_FILE); } ensure_path_unmounted(CACHE_ROOT); sync(); // For good measure. } typedef struct _saved_log_file { char* name; struct stat st; unsigned char* data; struct _saved_log_file* next; } saved_log_file; static int erase_volume(const char *volume) { bool is_cache = (strcmp(volume, CACHE_ROOT) == 0); ui->SetBackground(RecoveryUI::ERASING); ui->SetProgressType(RecoveryUI::INDETERMINATE); saved_log_file* head = NULL; if (is_cache) { // If we're reformatting /cache, we load any // "/cache/recovery/last*" files into memory, so we can restore // them after the reformat. ensure_path_mounted(volume); DIR* d; struct dirent* de; d = opendir(CACHE_LOG_DIR); if (d) { char path[PATH_MAX]; strcpy(path, CACHE_LOG_DIR); strcat(path, "/"); int path_len = strlen(path); while ((de = readdir(d)) != NULL) { if (strncmp(de->d_name, "last", 4) == 0) { saved_log_file* p = (saved_log_file*) malloc(sizeof(saved_log_file)); strcpy(path+path_len, de->d_name); p->name = strdup(path); if (stat(path, &(p->st)) == 0) { // truncate files to 512kb if (p->st.st_size > (1 << 19)) { p->st.st_size = 1 << 19; } p->data = (unsigned char*) malloc(p->st.st_size); FILE* f = fopen(path, "rb"); fread(p->data, 1, p->st.st_size, f); fclose(f); p->next = head; head = p; } else { free(p); } } } closedir(d); } else { if (errno != ENOENT) { printf("opendir failed: %s\n", strerror(errno)); } } } ui->Print("Formatting %s...\n", volume); ensure_path_unmounted(volume); int result = format_volume(volume); if (is_cache) { while (head) { FILE* f = fopen_path(head->name, "wb"); if (f) { fwrite(head->data, 1, head->st.st_size, f); fclose(f); chmod(head->name, head->st.st_mode); chown(head->name, head->st.st_uid, head->st.st_gid); } free(head->name); free(head->data); saved_log_file* temp = head->next; free(head); head = temp; } // Any part of the log we'd copied to cache is now gone. // Reset the pointer so we copy from the beginning of the temp // log. tmplog_offset = 0; copy_logs(); } return result; } static const char** prepend_title(const char* const* headers) { // count the number of lines in our title, plus the // caller-provided headers. int count = 3; // our title has 3 lines const char* const* p; for (p = headers; *p; ++p, ++count); const char** new_headers = (const char**)malloc((count+1) * sizeof(char*)); const char** h = new_headers; *(h++) = "Android system recovery <" EXPAND(RECOVERY_API_VERSION) "e>"; *(h++) = recovery_version; *(h++) = ""; for (p = headers; *p; ++p, ++h) *h = *p; *h = NULL; return new_headers; } static int get_menu_selection(const char* const * headers, const char* const * items, int menu_only, int initial_selection, Device* device) { // throw away keys pressed previously, so user doesn't // accidentally trigger menu items. ui->FlushKeys(); ui->StartMenu(headers, items, initial_selection); int selected = initial_selection; int chosen_item = -1; while (chosen_item < 0) { int key = ui->WaitKey(); int visible = ui->IsTextVisible(); if (key == -1) { // ui_wait_key() timed out if (ui->WasTextEverVisible()) { continue; } else { LOGI("timed out waiting for key input; rebooting.\n"); ui->EndMenu(); return 0; // XXX fixme } } int action = device->HandleMenuKey(key, visible); if (action < 0) { switch (action) { case Device::kHighlightUp: --selected; selected = ui->SelectMenu(selected); break; case Device::kHighlightDown: ++selected; selected = ui->SelectMenu(selected); break; case Device::kInvokeItem: chosen_item = selected; break; case Device::kNoAction: break; } } else if (!menu_only) { chosen_item = action; } } ui->EndMenu(); return chosen_item; } static int compare_string(const void* a, const void* b) { return strcmp(*(const char**)a, *(const char**)b); } // Returns a malloc'd path, or NULL. static char* browse_directory(const char* path, Device* device) { ensure_path_mounted(path); const char* MENU_HEADERS[] = { "Choose a package to install:", path, "", NULL }; DIR* d; struct dirent* de; d = opendir(path); if (d == NULL) { LOGE("error opening %s: %s\n", path, strerror(errno)); return NULL; } const char** headers = prepend_title(MENU_HEADERS); int d_size = 0; int d_alloc = 10; char** dirs = (char**)malloc(d_alloc * sizeof(char*)); int z_size = 1; int z_alloc = 10; char** zips = (char**)malloc(z_alloc * sizeof(char*)); zips[0] = strdup("../"); while ((de = readdir(d)) != NULL) { int name_len = strlen(de->d_name); if (de->d_type == DT_DIR) { // skip "." and ".." entries if (name_len == 1 && de->d_name[0] == '.') continue; if (name_len == 2 && de->d_name[0] == '.' && de->d_name[1] == '.') continue; if (d_size >= d_alloc) { d_alloc *= 2; dirs = (char**)realloc(dirs, d_alloc * sizeof(char*)); } dirs[d_size] = (char*)malloc(name_len + 2); strcpy(dirs[d_size], de->d_name); dirs[d_size][name_len] = '/'; dirs[d_size][name_len+1] = '\0'; ++d_size; } else if (de->d_type == DT_REG && name_len >= 4 && strncasecmp(de->d_name + (name_len-4), ".zip", 4) == 0) { if (z_size >= z_alloc) { z_alloc *= 2; zips = (char**)realloc(zips, z_alloc * sizeof(char*)); } zips[z_size++] = strdup(de->d_name); } } closedir(d); qsort(dirs, d_size, sizeof(char*), compare_string); qsort(zips, z_size, sizeof(char*), compare_string); // append dirs to the zips list if (d_size + z_size + 1 > z_alloc) { z_alloc = d_size + z_size + 1; zips = (char**)realloc(zips, z_alloc * sizeof(char*)); } memcpy(zips + z_size, dirs, d_size * sizeof(char*)); free(dirs); z_size += d_size; zips[z_size] = NULL; char* result; int chosen_item = 0; while (true) { chosen_item = get_menu_selection(headers, zips, 1, chosen_item, device); char* item = zips[chosen_item]; int item_len = strlen(item); if (chosen_item == 0) { // item 0 is always "../" // go up but continue browsing (if the caller is update_directory) result = NULL; break; } char new_path[PATH_MAX]; strlcpy(new_path, path, PATH_MAX); strlcat(new_path, "/", PATH_MAX); strlcat(new_path, item, PATH_MAX); if (item[item_len-1] == '/') { // recurse down into a subdirectory new_path[strlen(new_path)-1] = '\0'; // truncate the trailing '/' result = browse_directory(new_path, device); if (result) break; } else { // selected a zip file: return the malloc'd path to the caller. result = strdup(new_path); break; } } int i; for (i = 0; i < z_size; ++i) free(zips[i]); free(zips); free(headers); return result; } static void wipe_data(int confirm, Device* device) { if (confirm) { static const char** title_headers = NULL; if (title_headers == NULL) { const char* headers[] = { "Confirm wipe of all user data?", " THIS CAN NOT BE UNDONE.", "", NULL }; title_headers = prepend_title((const char**)headers); } const char* items[] = { " No", " No", " No", " No", " No", " No", " No", " Yes -- delete all user data", // [7] " No", " No", " No", NULL }; int chosen_item = get_menu_selection(title_headers, items, 1, 0, device); if (chosen_item != 7) { return; } } ui->Print("\n-- Wiping data...\n"); device->WipeData(); erase_volume("/data"); erase_volume("/cache"); erase_persistent_partition(); ui->Print("Data wipe complete.\n"); } static void file_to_ui(const char* fn) { FILE *fp = fopen_path(fn, "re"); if (fp == NULL) { ui->Print(" Unable to open %s: %s\n", fn, strerror(errno)); return; } char line[1024]; int ct = 0; redirect_stdio("/dev/null"); while(fgets(line, sizeof(line), fp) != NULL) { ui->Print("%s", line); ct++; if (ct % 30 == 0) { // give the user time to glance at the entries ui->WaitKey(); } } redirect_stdio(TEMPORARY_LOG_FILE); fclose(fp); } static void choose_recovery_file(Device* device) { int i; static const char** title_headers = NULL; char *filename; const char* headers[] = { "Select file to view", "", NULL }; char* entries[KEEP_LOG_COUNT + 2]; memset(entries, 0, sizeof(entries)); for (i = 0; i < KEEP_LOG_COUNT; i++) { char *filename; if (asprintf(&filename, (i==0) ? LAST_LOG_FILE : (LAST_LOG_FILE ".%d"), i) == -1) { // memory allocation failure - return early. Should never happen. return; } if ((ensure_path_mounted(filename) != 0) || (access(filename, R_OK) == -1)) { free(filename); entries[i+1] = NULL; break; } entries[i+1] = filename; } entries[0] = strdup("Go back"); title_headers = prepend_title((const char**)headers); while(1) { int chosen_item = get_menu_selection(title_headers, entries, 1, 0, device); if (chosen_item == 0) break; file_to_ui(entries[chosen_item]); } for (i = 0; i < KEEP_LOG_COUNT + 1; i++) { free(entries[i]); } } // Return REBOOT, SHUTDOWN, or REBOOT_BOOTLOADER. Returning NO_ACTION // means to take the default, which is to reboot or shutdown depending // on if the --shutdown_after flag was passed to recovery. static Device::BuiltinAction prompt_and_wait(Device* device, int status) { const char* const* headers = prepend_title(device->GetMenuHeaders()); for (;;) { finish_recovery(NULL); switch (status) { case INSTALL_SUCCESS: case INSTALL_NONE: ui->SetBackground(RecoveryUI::NO_COMMAND); break; case INSTALL_ERROR: case INSTALL_CORRUPT: ui->SetBackground(RecoveryUI::ERROR); break; } ui->SetProgressType(RecoveryUI::EMPTY); int chosen_item = get_menu_selection(headers, device->GetMenuItems(), 0, 0, device); // device-specific code may take some action here. It may // return one of the core actions handled in the switch // statement below. Device::BuiltinAction chosen_action = device->InvokeMenuItem(chosen_item); int wipe_cache = 0; switch (chosen_action) { case Device::NO_ACTION: break; case Device::REBOOT: case Device::SHUTDOWN: case Device::REBOOT_BOOTLOADER: return chosen_action; case Device::WIPE_DATA: wipe_data(ui->IsTextVisible(), device); if (!ui->IsTextVisible()) return Device::NO_ACTION; break; case Device::WIPE_CACHE: ui->Print("\n-- Wiping cache...\n"); erase_volume("/cache"); ui->Print("Cache wipe complete.\n"); if (!ui->IsTextVisible()) return Device::NO_ACTION; break; case Device::APPLY_EXT: { ensure_path_mounted(SDCARD_ROOT); char* path = browse_directory(SDCARD_ROOT, device); if (path == NULL) { ui->Print("\n-- No package file selected.\n", path); break; } ui->Print("\n-- Install %s ...\n", path); set_sdcard_update_bootloader_message(); void* token = start_sdcard_fuse(path); int status = install_package(FUSE_SIDELOAD_HOST_PATHNAME, &wipe_cache, TEMPORARY_INSTALL_FILE, false); finish_sdcard_fuse(token); ensure_path_unmounted(SDCARD_ROOT); if (status == INSTALL_SUCCESS && wipe_cache) { ui->Print("\n-- Wiping cache (at package request)...\n"); if (erase_volume("/cache")) { ui->Print("Cache wipe failed.\n"); } else { ui->Print("Cache wipe complete.\n"); } } if (status >= 0) { if (status != INSTALL_SUCCESS) { ui->SetBackground(RecoveryUI::ERROR); ui->Print("Installation aborted.\n"); } else if (!ui->IsTextVisible()) { return Device::NO_ACTION; // reboot if logs aren't visible } else { ui->Print("\nInstall from sdcard complete.\n"); } } break; } case Device::APPLY_CACHE: ui->Print("\nAPPLY_CACHE is deprecated.\n"); break; case Device::READ_RECOVERY_LASTLOG: choose_recovery_file(device); break; case Device::APPLY_ADB_SIDELOAD: status = apply_from_adb(ui, &wipe_cache, TEMPORARY_INSTALL_FILE); if (status >= 0) { if (status != INSTALL_SUCCESS) { ui->SetBackground(RecoveryUI::ERROR); ui->Print("Installation aborted.\n"); copy_logs(); } else if (!ui->IsTextVisible()) { return Device::NO_ACTION; // reboot if logs aren't visible } else { ui->Print("\nInstall from ADB complete.\n"); } } break; } } } static void print_property(const char *key, const char *name, void *cookie) { printf("%s=%s\n", key, name); } static void load_locale_from_cache() { FILE* fp = fopen_path(LOCALE_FILE, "r"); char buffer[80]; if (fp != NULL) { fgets(buffer, sizeof(buffer), fp); int j = 0; unsigned int i; for (i = 0; i < sizeof(buffer) && buffer[i]; ++i) { if (!isspace(buffer[i])) { buffer[j++] = buffer[i]; } } buffer[j] = 0; locale = strdup(buffer); check_and_fclose(fp, LOCALE_FILE); } } static RecoveryUI* gCurrentUI = NULL; void ui_print(const char* format, ...) { char buffer[256]; va_list ap; va_start(ap, format); vsnprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), format, ap); va_end(ap); if (gCurrentUI != NULL) { gCurrentUI->Print("%s", buffer); } else { fputs(buffer, stdout); } } int main(int argc, char **argv) { time_t start = time(NULL); //重定向标准输出和标准出错到/tmp/recovery.log 这个文件里 //static const char *TEMPORARY_LOG_FILE = "/tmp/recovery.log"; redirect_stdio(TEMPORARY_LOG_FILE); // If this binary is started with the single argument "--adbd", // instead of being the normal recovery binary, it turns into kind // of a stripped-down version of adbd that only supports the // 'sideload' command. Note this must be a real argument, not // anything in the command file or bootloader control block; the // only way recovery should be run with this argument is when it // starts a copy of itself from the apply_from_adb() function. if (argc == 2 && strcmp(argv[1], "--adbd") == 0) { adb_main(); return 0; } printf("Starting recovery (pid %d) on %s", getpid(), ctime(&start)); //装载recovery的分区表recovery.fstab load_volume_table(); //在recovery中挂载/cache/recovery/last_log这个文件 //#define LAST_LOG_FILE "/cache/recovery/last_log" ensure_path_mounted(LAST_LOG_FILE); rotate_last_logs(KEEP_LOG_COUNT); //获取参数 //这个参数也可能是从/cache/recovery/command文件中得到相应的命令 //也就是可以往command这个文件写入对应的格式的命令即可 get_args(&argc, &argv); const char *send_intent = NULL; const char *update_package = NULL; int wipe_data = 0, wipe_cache = 0, show_text = 0; bool just_exit = false; bool shutdown_after = false; int arg; //参数有擦除分区,OTA更新等 while ((arg = getopt_long(argc, argv, "", OPTIONS, NULL)) != -1) { switch (arg) { case 's': send_intent = optarg; break; case 'u': update_package = optarg; break; case 'w': wipe_data = wipe_cache = 1; break; case 'c': wipe_cache = 1; break; case 't': show_text = 1; break; case 'x': just_exit = true; break; case 'l': locale = optarg; break; case 'g': { if (stage == NULL || *stage == '\0') { char buffer[20] = "1/"; strncat(buffer, optarg, sizeof(buffer)-3); stage = strdup(buffer); } break; } case 'p': shutdown_after = true; break; case 'r': reason = optarg; break; case '?': LOGE("Invalid command argument\n"); continue; } } //设置语言 if (locale == NULL) { load_locale_from_cache(); } printf("locale is [%s]\n", locale); printf("stage is [%s]\n", stage); printf("reason is [%s]\n", reason); //创建设备 Device* device = make_device(); //获取UI ui = device->GetUI(); //设置当前的UI gCurrentUI = ui; //设置UI的语言信息 ui->SetLocale(locale); //UI初始化 ui->Init(); int st_cur, st_max; if (stage != NULL && sscanf(stage, "%d/%d", &st_cur, &st_max) == 2) { ui->SetStage(st_cur, st_max); } //设置recovery的背景图 ui->SetBackground(RecoveryUI::NONE); //设置界面上是否能够显示字符,使能ui->print函数开关 if (show_text) ui->ShowText(true); //设置selinux权限,一般我会把selinux 给disabled struct selinux_opt seopts[] = { { SELABEL_OPT_PATH, "/file_contexts" } }; sehandle = selabel_open(SELABEL_CTX_FILE, seopts, 1); if (!sehandle) { ui->Print("Warning: No file_contexts\n"); } //虚函数,没有做什么流程 device->StartRecovery(); printf("Command:"); for (arg = 0; arg < argc; arg++) { printf(" \"%s\"", argv[arg]); } printf("\n"); //如果update_package(也就是要升级的OTA包)不为空的情况下 //这里要对升级包的路径做一下路径转换,这里可以自由定制自己升级包的路径 if (update_package) { // For backwards compatibility on the cache partition only, if // we're given an old 'root' path "CACHE:foo", change it to // "/cache/foo". //这里就是做转换的方法 //先比较传进来的recovery参数的前6个byte是否是CACHE //如果是将其路径转化为/cache/CACHE: ...... if (strncmp(update_package, "CACHE:", 6) == 0) { int len = strlen(update_package) + 10; char* modified_path = (char*)malloc(len); strlcpy(modified_path, "/cache/", len); strlcat(modified_path, update_package+6, len); printf("(replacing path \"%s\" with \"%s\")\n", update_package, modified_path); //这个update_package就是转换后的路径 update_package = modified_path; } } printf("\n"); property_list(print_property, NULL); //获取属性,这里应该是从一个文件中找到ro.build.display.id //获取recovery的版本信息 property_get("ro.build.display.id", recovery_version, ""); printf("\n"); //定义一个安装成功的标志位INSTALL_SUCCESS ----> 其实是个枚举,值为0 int status = INSTALL_SUCCESS; //判断转换后的OTA升级包的路径是否不为空,如果不为空 //执行install_package 函数进行升级 if (update_package != NULL) { status = install_package(update_package, &wipe_cache, TEMPORARY_INSTALL_FILE, true); //判断是否升级成功 if (status == INSTALL_SUCCESS && wipe_cache) { //擦除这个路径,相当于删除了这个路径下的OTA升级包 if (erase_volume("/cache")) { LOGE("Cache wipe (requested by package) failed."); } } //如果安装不成功 if (status != INSTALL_SUCCESS) { ui->Print("Installation aborted.\n"); // If this is an eng or userdebug build, then automatically // turn the text display on if the script fails so the error // message is visible. char buffer[PROPERTY_VALUE_MAX+1]; property_get("ro.build.fingerprint", buffer, ""); if (strstr(buffer, ":userdebug/") || strstr(buffer, ":eng/")) { ui->ShowText(true); } } } //如果跑的是格式化数据区,那么就走这个流程 else if (wipe_data) { if (device->WipeData()) status = INSTALL_ERROR; //格式化/data分区 if (erase_volume("/data")) status = INSTALL_ERROR; if (wipe_cache && erase_volume("/cache")) status = INSTALL_ERROR; if (erase_persistent_partition() == -1 ) status = INSTALL_ERROR; if (status != INSTALL_SUCCESS) ui->Print("Data wipe failed.\n"); } //格式化cache分区 else if (wipe_cache) { if (wipe_cache && erase_volume("/cache")) status = INSTALL_ERROR; if (status != INSTALL_SUCCESS) ui->Print("Cache wipe failed.\n"); } else if (!just_exit) { status = INSTALL_NONE; // No command specified ui->SetBackground(RecoveryUI::NO_COMMAND); } //如果安装失败或者。。。 if (status == INSTALL_ERROR || status == INSTALL_CORRUPT) { copy_logs(); //显示错误的LOGO ui->SetBackground(RecoveryUI::ERROR); } Device::BuiltinAction after = shutdown_after ? Device::SHUTDOWN : Device::REBOOT; if (status != INSTALL_SUCCESS || ui->IsTextVisible()) { Device::BuiltinAction temp = prompt_and_wait(device, status); if (temp != Device::NO_ACTION) after = temp; } // Save logs and clean up before rebooting or shutting down. //完成recovery升级 finish_recovery(send_intent); switch (after) { case Device::SHUTDOWN: ui->Print("Shutting down...\n"); property_set(ANDROID_RB_PROPERTY, "shutdown,"); break; case Device::REBOOT_BOOTLOADER: ui->Print("Rebooting to bootloader...\n"); property_set(ANDROID_RB_PROPERTY, "reboot,bootloader"); break; default: ui->Print("Rebooting...\n"); property_set(ANDROID_RB_PROPERTY, "reboot,"); break; } sleep(5); // should reboot before this finishes return EXIT_SUCCESS; } 






原文链接:https://yq.aliyun.com/articles/236893
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