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iOS开发之UICollectionViewDataSourcePrefetching

日期:2017-05-10点击:236

在iOS10中,苹果为UICollectionViewCell引入了Pre-Fetching预加载机制用于提升它的性能。主要引入了一个新的数据源协议UICollectionViewDataSourcePrefetching,包含两个方法:

@protocol UICollectionViewDataSourcePrefetching <NSObject> @required // 预加载数据 - (void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView prefetchItemsAtIndexPaths:(NSArray<NSIndexPath *> *)indexPaths NS_AVAILABLE_IOS(10_0); @optional // 取消提前加载数据 - (void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView cancelPrefetchingForItemsAtIndexPaths:(NSArray<NSIndexPath *> *)indexPaths NS_AVAILABLE_IOS(10_0); @end 

网上搜了一大圈,讲述原理的(翻译文档)的文章很多,有干货的Demo很少,于是乎自己摸索了一下,写了一个简单的案例,在此记录并分享一下。

运行环境:Xcode 8.2.1 + iOS 10.2

核心步骤:

1、遵从 UICollectionViewDataSourcePrefetching 协议
2、实现 collectionView:prefetchItemsAtIndexPaths 方法和collectionView:cancelPrefetchItemsAtIndexPaths 方法(可选)
3、将第1步中遵从协议的类设置为 UICollectionView 的 prefetchDataSource 属性

实现

一、创建UICollectionViewFlowLayout

自己写一个类继承自UICollectionViewFlowLayout

@implementation MyCollectionViewFlowLayout -(void)prepareLayout{ self.minimumLineSpacing = 1;//垂直间距 self.minimumInteritemSpacing = 0;//水平间距 self.sectionInset = UIEdgeInsetsMake(0, 0, 8, 0);//分组间距 } @end 

二、用XIB定义一个

里面就一个UIImageView,然后拽线设置一个IBOutlet


img_2e9b38821af2c3d2186c5ed9b286b452.png
UICollectionViewCell.png
@property (weak, nonatomic) IBOutlet UIImageView *imgView; 

三、控制器

注释很详细

#import "ViewController.h" #import "MyCollectionViewFlowLayout.h" #import "ImgCollectionViewCell.h" #define ScreenW [UIScreen mainScreen].bounds.size.width //重用标识 static NSString *cellId = @"imgCell"; //遵守协议 @interface ViewController ()<UICollectionViewDelegate, UICollectionViewDataSource, UICollectionViewDataSourcePrefetching> //下载图片任务 @property(nonatomic, strong) NSMutableDictionary<NSURL *, dispatch_queue_t> *tasks; //图片地址 @property(nonatomic, copy) NSMutableArray<NSURL *> *imgURLArray; //下载的图片 @property(nonatomic, copy) NSMutableDictionary<NSURL *, UIImage *> *imgs; //UICollectionView @property(nonatomic, weak) UICollectionView *collectionView; @end @implementation ViewController //懒加载imgURLArray -(NSMutableArray<NSURL *> *)imgURLArray{ if (_imgURLArray == nil) { _imgURLArray = [NSMutableArray array]; for (int i = 0; i < 30; i++) { NSURL *imgURL = [NSURL URLWithString:@"https://timgsa.baidu.com/timg?image&quality=80&size=b9999_10000&sec=1494499175005&di=1d8d40ac84f4a71cb26d7bf4a5a845ec&imgtype=0&src=http%3A%2F%2Fimg10.360buyimg.com%2Fyixun_zdm%2Fjfs%2Ft2830%2F11%2F2310606472%2F165925%2F962fa94a%2F575f7664Nfd743845.jpg"]; [_imgURLArray addObject:imgURL]; } } return _imgURLArray; } //懒加载imgs -(NSMutableDictionary<NSURL *,UIImage *> *)imgs{ if (_imgs == nil) { _imgs = [NSMutableDictionary dictionary]; } return _imgs; } //懒加载tasks -(NSMutableDictionary<NSURL *,dispatch_queue_t> *)tasks{ if (_tasks == nil) { _tasks = [NSMutableDictionary dictionary]; } return _tasks; } - (void)viewDidLoad { [super viewDidLoad]; //创建UICollectionView //创建布局 UICollectionViewLayout *layout = [[MyCollectionViewFlowLayout alloc]init]; //初始化一个UICollectionView UICollectionView *collection = [[UICollectionView alloc]initWithFrame:[UIScreen mainScreen].bounds collectionViewLayout:layout]; //设置背景色 collection.backgroundColor = [UIColor groupTableViewBackgroundColor]; //设置代理 collection.dataSource = self; collection.delegate = self; collection.prefetchDataSource = self; //注册Cell UINib *nib = [UINib nibWithNibName:@"ImgCollectionViewCell" bundle:nil]; [collection registerNib:nib forCellWithReuseIdentifier:cellId]; [self.view addSubview:collection]; self.collectionView = collection; } -(void)loadImage:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath{ NSURL *currentURL = [self.imgURLArray objectAtIndex:indexPath.row]; dispatch_queue_t queue = dispatch_get_global_queue(DISPATCH_QUEUE_PRIORITY_DEFAULT, 0); __weak typeof(self) weakSelf = self; //异步下载图片 dispatch_async(queue, ^{ NSData *imageData = [NSData dataWithContentsOfURL:currentURL]; UIImage *image = [UIImage imageWithData:imageData]; weakSelf.imgs[currentURL] = image; //更新UI dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^{ ImgCollectionViewCell *cell = (ImgCollectionViewCell *)[weakSelf.collectionView cellForItemAtIndexPath:indexPath]; cell.imgView.image = image; }); }); //为了取消任务 self.tasks[currentURL] = queue; } #pragma mark <UICollectionViewDataSource> - (NSInteger)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView numberOfItemsInSection:(NSInteger)section{ return self.imgURLArray.count; } - (UICollectionViewCell *)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView cellForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath{ ImgCollectionViewCell * cell = [collectionView dequeueReusableCellWithReuseIdentifier:cellId forIndexPath:indexPath]; // 获取URL NSURL *imgURL = self.imgURLArray[indexPath.row]; //对应的URL的图片已经存在 if (self.imgs[imgURL]) { cell.imgView.image = self.imgs[imgURL]; } //不存在 else{ [self loadImage:indexPath]; } return cell; } #pragma mark <UICollectionViewDelegate> //定义每个Item 的大小 - (CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout sizeForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath { CGFloat W = (ScreenW - 1) / 2; return CGSizeMake(W, 100); } #pragma mark <UICollectionViewDataSourcePrefetching> - (void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView prefetchItemsAtIndexPaths:(NSArray<NSIndexPath *> *)indexPaths { for (NSIndexPath * indexPath in indexPaths) { NSURL *currentURL = [self.imgURLArray objectAtIndex:indexPath.row]; //不存在就请求 if (!self.imgs[currentURL]) { [self loadImage:indexPath]; } } } - (void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView cancelPrefetchingForItemsAtIndexPaths:(NSArray<NSIndexPath *> *)indexPaths { for (NSIndexPath * indexPath in indexPaths){ NSURL *currentURL = [self.imgURLArray objectAtIndex:indexPath.row]; //当前任务存在 if (self.tasks[currentURL]) { dispatch_queue_t queue = self.tasks[currentURL]; dispatch_suspend(queue); self.tasks[currentURL] = nil; } } } @end 

效果

img_2708c27e640a433c1b67450826a998f9.gif
效果演示.gif

写在后面的话

1、这个新特性仍然需要探究
2、遇到的一个坑:细心看的话可以发现我的字典是懒加载的,如果直接在viewDidLoad中初始化会在 weakSelf.imgs[currentURL] = image; 一行报错,why?烦请知道的告知。

源代码

原文链接:https://yq.aliyun.com/articles/670846
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