您现在的位置是:首页 > 文章详情

缓存伪共享问题以及解决方案缓存行填充

日期:2019-01-29点击:217

缓存伪共享

共享对象存在同一个缓存中,由于MESI协议,一个对象中一些不需要改变的属性因为其他改变的属性,导致整个对象的缓存进入到M被修改状态。

MESI缓存一致性协议:https://blog.csdn.net/huangyueranbbc/article/details/84554271

目前的CPU是通常按照32或者64字节的缓存行(Cache Line)进行读取,如果读取的数据在同一个CacheLine,就存在缓存伪共享的问题。

对象被放入一个CacheLine中,根据MSEI协议,其中一个属性改变,其他所有没有改变的属性也变得不可共享。

填充Cache Line缓存块

通过填充对象,将对象中常被改变的属性和不常改变的属性分开到不通缓存Cache Line中。避免缓存的伪共享。

未填充对象:

 public class DataPadding{ int value; long modifyTime; boolean flag; long createTime; char key; }

对象结构:

# Running 64-bit HotSpot VM. # Using compressed oop with 3-bit shift. # Using compressed klass with 3-bit shift. # Objects are 8 bytes aligned. # Field sizes by type: 4, 1, 1, 2, 2, 4, 4, 8, 8 [bytes] # Array element sizes: 4, 1, 1, 2, 2, 4, 4, 8, 8 [bytes] com.hyr.jol.demo.JOLSample_02_Alignment$DataPadding object internals: OFFSET SIZE TYPE DESCRIPTION VALUE 0 12 (object header) N/A 12 4 int DataPadding.value N/A 16 8 long DataPadding.modifyTime N/A 24 8 long DataPadding.createTime N/A 32 2 char DataPadding.key N/A 34 1 boolean DataPadding.flag N/A 35 1 (alignment/padding gap) 36 4 com.hyr.jol.demo.JOLSample_02_Alignment DataPadding.this$0 N/A Instance size: 40 bytes Space losses: 1 bytes internal + 0 bytes external = 1 bytes total

填充后对象:

public class DataPadding{ long a1,a2,a3,a4,a5,a6,a7,a8;//防止与前一个对象产生伪共享 int value; long modifyTime; long b1,b2,b3,b4,b5,b6,b7,b8;//防止不相关变量伪共享; boolean flag; long c1,c2,c3,c4,c5,c6,c7,c8;// long createTime; char key; long d1,d2,d3,d4,d5,d6,d7,d8;//防止与下一个对象产生伪共享 }

对象结构:

# Running 64-bit HotSpot VM. # Using compressed oop with 3-bit shift. # Using compressed klass with 3-bit shift. # Objects are 8 bytes aligned. # Field sizes by type: 4, 1, 1, 2, 2, 4, 4, 8, 8 [bytes] # Array element sizes: 4, 1, 1, 2, 2, 4, 4, 8, 8 [bytes] com.hyr.jol.demo.JOLSample_02_Alignment$DataPadding object internals: OFFSET SIZE TYPE DESCRIPTION VALUE 0 12 (object header) N/A 12 4 int DataPadding.value N/A 16 8 long DataPadding.a1 N/A 24 8 long DataPadding.a2 N/A 32 8 long DataPadding.a3 N/A 40 8 long DataPadding.a4 N/A 48 8 long DataPadding.a5 N/A 56 8 long DataPadding.a6 N/A 64 8 long DataPadding.a7 N/A 72 8 long DataPadding.a8 N/A 80 8 long DataPadding.modifyTime N/A 88 8 long DataPadding.b1 N/A 96 8 long DataPadding.b2 N/A 104 8 long DataPadding.b3 N/A 112 8 long DataPadding.b4 N/A 120 8 long DataPadding.b5 N/A 128 8 long DataPadding.b6 N/A 136 8 long DataPadding.b7 N/A 144 8 long DataPadding.b8 N/A 152 8 long DataPadding.c1 N/A 160 8 long DataPadding.c2 N/A 168 8 long DataPadding.c3 N/A 176 8 long DataPadding.c4 N/A 184 8 long DataPadding.c5 N/A 192 8 long DataPadding.c6 N/A 200 8 long DataPadding.c7 N/A 208 8 long DataPadding.c8 N/A 216 8 long DataPadding.createTime N/A 224 8 long DataPadding.d1 N/A 232 8 long DataPadding.d2 N/A 240 8 long DataPadding.d3 N/A 248 8 long DataPadding.d4 N/A 256 8 long DataPadding.d5 N/A 264 8 long DataPadding.d6 N/A 272 8 long DataPadding.d7 N/A 280 8 long DataPadding.d8 N/A 288 2 char DataPadding.key N/A 290 1 boolean DataPadding.flag N/A 291 1 (alignment/padding gap) 292 4 com.hyr.jol.demo.JOLSample_02_Alignment DataPadding.this$0 N/A Instance size: 296 bytes Space losses: 1 bytes internal + 0 bytes external = 1 bytes total

 

JDK1.8解决缓存伪共享

JDK1.8中增加了Contended注解方式来解决缓存伪共享问题。

在JDK1.8中,新增了一种注解@sun.misc.Contended,来使各个变量在Cache line中分隔开。注意,jvm需要添加参数-XX:-RestrictContended才能开启此功能 

未填充对象:

public class DataPadding{ int value; long modifyTime; boolean flag; long createTime; char key; }

对象结构:

# Running 64-bit HotSpot VM. # Using compressed oop with 0-bit shift. # Using compressed klass with 0-bit shift. # Objects are 8 bytes aligned. # Field sizes by type: 4, 1, 1, 2, 2, 4, 4, 8, 8 [bytes] # Array element sizes: 4, 1, 1, 2, 2, 4, 4, 8, 8 [bytes] com.hyr.jol.demo.JOLSample_02_Alignment$DataPadding object internals: OFFSET SIZE TYPE DESCRIPTION VALUE 0 12 (object header) N/A 12 4 int DataPadding.value N/A 16 8 long DataPadding.modifyTime N/A 24 8 long DataPadding.createTime N/A 32 2 char DataPadding.key N/A 34 1 boolean DataPadding.flag N/A 35 1 (alignment/padding gap) 36 4 com.hyr.jol.demo.JOLSample_02_Alignment DataPadding.this$0 N/A Instance size: 40 bytes Space losses: 1 bytes internal + 0 bytes external = 1 bytes total

使用Contended注解:

public class DataPadding { @sun.misc.Contended("group1") int value; @sun.misc.Contended("group1") long modifyTime; @sun.misc.Contended("group2") boolean flag; @sun.misc.Contended("group3") long createTime; @sun.misc.Contended("group3") char key; }

对象结构:

# Running 64-bit HotSpot VM. # Using compressed oop with 0-bit shift. # Using compressed klass with 3-bit shift. # Objects are 8 bytes aligned. # Field sizes by type: 4, 1, 1, 2, 2, 4, 4, 8, 8 [bytes] # Array element sizes: 4, 1, 1, 2, 2, 4, 4, 8, 8 [bytes] com.hyr.jol.demo.JOLSample_02_Alignment$DataPadding object internals: OFFSET SIZE TYPE DESCRIPTION VALUE 0 12 (object header) N/A 12 4 com.hyr.jol.demo.JOLSample_02_Alignment DataPadding.this$0 N/A 16 128 (alignment/padding gap) 144 4 int DataPadding.value N/A 148 4 (alignment/padding gap) 152 8 long DataPadding.modifyTime N/A 160 128 (alignment/padding gap) 288 1 boolean DataPadding.flag N/A 289 135 (alignment/padding gap) 424 8 long DataPadding.createTime N/A 432 2 char DataPadding.key N/A 434 6 (loss due to the next object alignment) Instance size: 440 bytes Space losses: 395 bytes internal + 6 bytes external = 401 bytes total

如果想深入了解,可以看下关于CPU Cache、Linux Cache相关的知识。

项目输出对象结构用的JOL。相关技术可以参考我的Github项目:https://github.com/huangyueranbbc/JVM_AGENT_DEMO

 

原文链接:https://my.oschina.net/u/4074730/blog/3007156
关注公众号

低调大师中文资讯倾力打造互联网数据资讯、行业资源、电子商务、移动互联网、网络营销平台。

持续更新报道IT业界、互联网、市场资讯、驱动更新,是最及时权威的产业资讯及硬件资讯报道平台。

转载内容版权归作者及来源网站所有,本站原创内容转载请注明来源。

文章评论

共有0条评论来说两句吧...

文章二维码

扫描即可查看该文章

点击排行

推荐阅读

最新文章