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单元测试(一)——SpringBoot建立单元测试

日期:2018-11-12点击:343

在Spring项目中,对于controller、service、dao各层都需要建立单元测试项。对应不同的分层,我们可以使用junit和mock不同的方式。然而有些情况会需要启动spring容器来测试业务逻辑在容器内能否正常运行,针对此情况可参考如下单元测试方式。

SpringBoot增加依赖

 <dependency> <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId> <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test<artifactId> <scope>test</scope> </dependency> 

建立测试基类

  • 新建JUnitBaseTest.java
package com.lucas.device; import org.junit.After; import org.junit.AfterClass; import org.junit.Before; import org.junit.BeforeClass; import org.junit.runner.RunWith; import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest; import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner; import org.springframework.test.context.web.WebAppConfiguration; import org.springframework.util.StopWatch; import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j; /** * <Description> <br> * * @author xubin<br> * @version 1.0<br> * @taskId <br> * @CreateDate 2018年9月27日 <br> */ @Slf4j @RunWith(SpringRunner.class) @SpringBootTest @WebAppConfiguration public class JUnitBaseTest { /** * sw 计时器<br> */ public static StopWatch sw = null; /** * Description: <br> * * @author xubin<br> * @taskId <br> * @throws java.lang.Exception <br> */ @BeforeClass public static void setUpBeforeClass() throws Exception { sw = new StopWatch(); } /** * Description: <br> * * @author xubin<br> * @taskId <br> * @throws java.lang.Exception <br> */ @AfterClass public static void tearDownAfterClass() throws Exception { log.info("**************************************************************"); log.info("单元测试计时统计:{}", sw.prettyPrint()); log.info("**************************************************************"); } /** * Description: <br> * * @author xubin<br> * @taskId <br> * @throws java.lang.Exception <br> */ @Before public void setUp() throws Exception { log.info("开始测试-----------------"); } /** * Description: <br> * * @author xubin<br> * @taskId <br> * @throws java.lang.Exception <br> */ @After public void tearDown() throws Exception { sw.stop(); log.info("测试结束-----------------"); } } 
  • @BeforeClass 基类执行前触发
  • @AfterClass 基类执行后触发
  • @Before 每个@Test方法调用前触发
  • @After 每个@Test方法调用后触发

测试Case

  • service层单元测试示例 DeviceInfoTest.java
package com.lucas.device.service; import static org.junit.Assert.fail; import java.util.Date; import java.util.List; import javax.annotation.Resource; import org.junit.Assert; import org.junit.Ignore; import org.junit.Test; import org.springframework.data.redis.core.StringRedisTemplate; import com.lucas.core.common.PageInfo; import com.lucas.device.JUnitBaseTest; import com.lucas.device.bo.DeviceInfoBO; import com.lucas.device.entity.DeviceInfoEntity; import com.lucas.device.entity.cache.DeviceCache; import com.phlico.common.framework.tool.unique.IdWorkerUtil; import com.phlico.common.framework.web.util.JsonUtil; import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j; /** * <Description> <br> * * @author xubin<br> * @version 1.0<br> * @taskId <br> * @CreateDate Nov 4, 2018 <br> */ @Slf4j public class DeviceInfoTest extends JUnitBaseTest { /** * deviceInfoService <br> */ @Resource(name = "deviceInfoServiceImpl2") private DeviceInfoService deviceInfoService; /** * deviceRedisTemplate <br> */ @Resource private StringRedisTemplate stringRedisTemplate; /** * appKeyArr <br> */ public static final String[] appKeyArr = { "2e2b380a56e7464aa678294c2c345545", "e2c85a1d245844fd9bdb14f0d0fc868a", "fa58f5306eb64ce094fe65fec6261587" }; /** * Description: <br> * * @author xubin<br> * @taskId <br> * <br> */ @Ignore @Test public void saveTest() { log.info("设备保存"); sw.start("设备保存"); try { DeviceInfoBO deviceInfoBO = new DeviceInfoBO(); deviceInfoBO.setAppKey("2e2b380a56e7464aa678294c2c345545"); deviceInfoBO.setDeviceName("test2"); deviceInfoBO.setDeviceCode("EE-FF-GG"); deviceInfoBO.setDeviceDesc("测试设备1"); deviceInfoBO.setDeviceType("bcb0ca4ef0eb463aa76a5bc0ccee1b85"); deviceInfoBO.setDeviceState("b9cf9e01a5534487919a77f21c34c93c"); deviceInfoBO.setDeviceIpv4("192.168.109.12"); deviceInfoBO.setDevicePort(8088); deviceInfoBO.setDeviceMac("ED:AS:ZQ:QS"); deviceInfoBO.setProtocol(0); deviceInfoService.save(deviceInfoBO); } catch (Exception e) { fail("设备保存异常"); } } /** * Description: <br> * * @author xubin<br> * @taskId <br> * <br> */ @Ignore @Test public void updateTest() { log.info("设备修改"); sw.start("设备修改"); try { DeviceInfoBO deviceInfoBO = new DeviceInfoBO(); deviceInfoBO.setAppKey("2e2b380a56e7464aa678294c2c345545"); deviceInfoBO.setDeviceName("测试设备-" + appKeyArr[(int) (Math.random() * appKeyArr.length)]); deviceInfoBO.setDeviceCode("EE-FF-GG"); deviceInfoBO.setDeviceDesc("测试设备2"); deviceInfoBO.setDeviceState("b9cf9e01a5534487919a77f21c34c93c"); deviceInfoBO.setDeviceIpv4("192.168.109.122"); deviceInfoBO.setDevicePort(8089); deviceInfoBO.setDeviceMac("ED:AS:ZQ:QS:DA"); deviceInfoBO.setProtocol(0); deviceInfoService.update(deviceInfoBO); } catch (Exception e) { fail("设备修改异常"); } } /** * Description: <br> * * @author xubin<br> * @taskId <br> * <br> */ @Ignore @Test public void delDeviceByCodesTest() { log.info("设备删除"); sw.start("设备删除"); try { deviceInfoService.delDevicesByCode("2e2b380a56e7464aa678294c2c345545", "EE-FF-GG", null, null, null); } catch (Exception e) { fail("设备删除异常"); } } /** * Description: <br> * * @author xubin<br> * @taskId <br> * <br> */ @Ignore @Test public void delDeviceByIdsTest() { log.info("按id删除设备"); sw.start("按id删除设备"); try { deviceInfoService.delete("2e2b380a56e7464aa678294c2c345545", "d99b77637c1e421db89ac89579d43eef,00d2105433d94106a88596f275e58d41", null, null, new Date()); } catch (Exception e) { fail("按id删除设备异常"); } } /** * Description: <br> * * @author xubin<br> * @taskId <br> * <br> */ @Ignore @Test public void queryEntityListByPageTest() { log.info("分页查询设备"); sw.start("分页查询设备"); try { DeviceInfoBO bo = new DeviceInfoBO(); bo.setAppKey("2e2b380a56e7464aa678294c2c345545"); PageInfo<DeviceInfoBO> list = deviceInfoService.queryEntityListByPage(bo, 1, 15); log.info(JsonUtil.getSucc4data(list)); Assert.assertNotEquals(null, list); } catch (Exception e) { fail("分页查询设备异常"); } } /** * Description: <br> * * @author xubin<br> * @taskId <br> * <br> */ @Ignore @Test public void queryDeviceInfoByCacheTest() { log.info("查询缓存所有设备"); sw.start("查询缓存所有设备"); try { String appKey = "fa58f5306eb64ce094fe65fec6261587"; String deviceCodes = "577984734685110272"; List<DeviceCache> list = deviceInfoService.queryDeviceInfoByCache(appKey, deviceCodes); log.info(JsonUtil.getSucc4data(list)); Assert.assertNotEquals(null, list); } catch (Exception e) { fail("查询缓存所有设备异常"); } } } 
  • @Ignore 忽略测试方法
  • @Test 执行单元测试的方法

使用StopWatch可以统计单元测试类执行总时间以及每个@Test方法执行时间。

原文链接:https://my.oschina.net/u/872813/blog/2874896
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